Cardigans & Pullover
-| July 2019 |-









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• • •
• • •


Viewpoint Gallery
+
Reece Metzger
=
Photo Constructions


Reece Metzger


June 4 — July 6
2019

Viewpoint Gallery
2015 J St, #101
Sacramento


Opening Reception
June 8
Saturday - 5 to 9

INFO

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• • •





Francisco Mattos

  PROJECTS 


Everyday tools include InDesign w/ Microsoft Office, HTML5 w/ Acrobat Pro, Photoshop w/ exacto knife, glue and thread ....


|Map
Francisco Mattos

A hand-drawn map of the staircases of Forest Hill. There are eleven: Alton, Alton Backstairs, Magellan, Merced, Montalvo, Oriole, San Carlos, Sola, and the Grand Staircase, which drops down to Dewey Avenue.
Forest Hill San Francisco's Forest Hill is a "small town" conveniently located near the middle of the city. Boundaries are roughly Seventh Avenue and Laguna Honda Boulevard to the north and east, Taraval Street to the south, 14th Avenue to the west. It has its own light-rail station, bringing the K, L and M lines to its doorstep. Built in 1912 on land originally owned by Adolph Sutro, roadways took on a sinuous route to allow for horse and carriage to make it to the top, and are wide and generous, albeit steep.



|Typography

Francisco Mattos

Moving sign on Maiden Lane for De Vera.
Thank you On June 19, we will be closing our shop at 29 Maiden Lane and moving it to 26 E 81st in New York in the fall. For your support in San Francisco these past nineteen years, we thank you.



|Poster
Francisco Mattos




|Prepress
Francisco Mattos

Black-&-white photo on newsprint.



|Photography
Francisco Mattos

Montesacro off Sixth Street.



|Logo
Francisco Mattos

Eco endeavor.



|Invite
Francisco Mattos

Invitation to the heyday of mid-Market.



| back |






Francisco Mattos

  MONSTER MASH 



Seed|
The Invisible Man

“… a few murders here and there.” This seminal tale of a quest begins have a terrible side-effect of an experiment gone wrong turns a scientist invisible; he is now obsessed to find a cure. Traveling incognito under piles of clothing, his head swathed in bandages, wide-brimmed hat, wearing a pair of driving goggles, he takes up room and board in the village of Iping, slowly turning homicidal due to his desperation. Claude Rains is Griffin, the Invisible Man. Gloria Stuart is his fiancee, E.E. Clive the constable, Una O'Connor the innkeeper. Watch full movie.



Sequel|
The Invisible Man Returns

“I can’t find peace in the underworld.” The scientist-brother of the Invisible Man, using his notebooks, re-creates the formula and uses it to set a condemned man free to pursue the real killer. Vincent Price is the voice of the second Invisible Man, not visible until the final scene. With Sir Cedric Hardwicke, Alan Napier, Nan Grey. Watch full movie..



Screwball|
The Invisible Woman

“I’m nothin’ but a nothin’.” This time around it's a woman who gets the invisibility diet when she answers an ad and becomes a volunteer: Bombarbed by a light ray, she becomes invisible. When word gets out Blackie and his gang become interested and show up. Kitty Carroll is the Invisible Woman. With John Barrymore as the scientist who took out the ad, Oskar Homolka, Shemp Howard, Maria Montez, Anne Nagel. Watch full movie.



Spy|
Invisible Agent

“I can’t tell you people apart.” This time around the thieves are Axis agents under diplomatic cover in England. To thwart them, the grandson of the original Invisible Man absconds w/ the scientific notebooks and performs the experiment successfully on himself. He then parachutes into Berlin to bring the battle to their own doorstep. Jon Hall is the anti-axis agent who turns invisible. With Peter Lorre, Sir Cedric Hardwicke, Albert Basserman, Ilona Massey, J. Edward Bromberg, Key Luke. Screenplay by Curt Siodmak. Watch full movie.



Scion|
The Invisible Man's Revenge

“Pioneers have always to contend w/ fools.” A high tale of ghoulish revenge meted out to a scientist who succeeded in stailizing the formula. Jon Hall returns again as the invisible one. Starring John Carradine as Doctor Drury, Gale Sondergaard, Lester Mathews, and Halliwell Hobbes. Read more.



| back |





Francisco Mattos

  RETOX  



The detectable planets orbit, generally speaking, across our night sky, for instance, from west to east, in a prograde motion. Sometimes though they will move from east to west, in what is known as a retrograde transit. When this feature is present in a natal chart, generally speaking, it has come to denote, for instance, someone harmless, an oddball. In the scheme of things, across the heavens, it has come to pass that the offspring of Chaos and Gaia was the Titan Uranus, who begat Cronus, who begat brothers Hades, Poseidon, and Zeus. And Zeus in turn begat siblings Aphrodite, Ares, and Hermes. All capable of showing their reverse qualities.

| retro-Uranus
Francisco Mattos

Descending come the month of August, this primordial god of the sky chooses a horned ram for his guide and guard to confer w/ a recalcitrant moneyman.
Magic Mocked Expect the expected, expect an eyewash. Time is granted to sit down, w/ one's tested thoughts, for a tête-à-tête, and over tea is best. Time enough to adapt, and embrace astonishment. Uranus's parting gift can be a realization that less is, really, more. In a natal chart, it might manifest as eccentric behaviors privately practised, at the same time endlessly shunning new technologies in favor of the tried and true.




| retro-Cronus
Francisco Mattos

From mid-spring into end of summer, this Titan god of the harvest could, would, should bring an end to rigid beliefs, on both sides of the divide, and might just bring about a fall from power.
Time Thwarted Playing mind games now won't turn out to have been useful or even a happy pastime; the sad too go on dates. Time is granted to sort and assess current responsibilities. Time enough to sort out negativity from positivity. The departure of Cronus, Father Time himself, allows his gift of decluttering closets some time to settle in. In a natal chart, this feature connotes a natural depressive having no father figure. No discipline. No inner peace. No self-esteem. No lightheartedness. No boundaries. No respect for the elderly. A moody self-nag.




| retro-Hades
Francisco Mattos

Sluggish from mid-spring through the begining of fall in 2019, the god of the dead tosses and turns while dreaming of new forms of governments.
Death Denied Be prepared to let go. Be prepared to be picked on. Be prepared to pay up for IOUs. Time is granted to take a swim in one's subconscious, submerged for a luxuriant soak. Time enough to prune the past, face the future. The return to his nether realms signals Hades' parting gift, restoring situations, things and people, to the way they were. In a natal chart it can cause constant application of the brakes: Inability to change and unable to express intensity. Inability to go w/ the flow and unable to recognize what just took place. Inability to trust and unable to guard from predation. Inability to lead while unable to forgive manipulation and betrayal.




Ψ retro-Poseidon
Francisco Mattos

The god of water starts to swim backwards by the end of June, bringing on a bout of moral imbecility, which starts ebbing around Thanksgiving.
Soul Slammed An absence of self-delusion confronts Poseidon, where the ocean is still and very clear in 201. If found in one's natal chart, there will be a diffuse unawareness of beginnings and ends, as well as a diffuse awareness of the ego and its extent.




| retro-Zeus
Francisco Mattos

From mid-spring to late summer, the god of lightning and thunder is noticeably tusseling w/ religious wars, and brings a farsighted outlook to bear on an abiding interest for all parties to arrive at an understanding.
Diamond Dusted Time enough to detach from jollity. A disbelief in the future sets in, overlaid w/ a general lassitude for warning signs of optimism. Time is granted to set up, and run, endeavors both personal and collective. When he returns to Mt Olympus, Zeus will have left a gift of gain – through pain. In a natal chart it can denote stunted growth, and a practitioner of the seven vices. A show-off; broke to boot.




| retro-Ares
Francisco Mattos

The god of war is a mystery during 2019. He is busy gathering up a posse of consisting of a goat, bull, lion, and eagle.
Libido Lost Trivial and transient frustrations make for an accident-prone period. After Ares leaves this battlefield, no gift is forthcoming, instead there is a scar that needs to heal. In a natal chart, the frustrations will multiply: Unresponsive father. Undefined face. Unfulfilled focus. Unsettled fights. Unassured fucks.




| retro-Aphrodite
Francisco Mattos

The goddess of love flirts not during 2019. Instead, she spends her time gathering up a glittering court. As the gates are opened, the first arrivals are a snake, scorpion, and eagle.
Royalty Ruined Ruminate for all it's worth, then try to renovate. Aphrodite leaves a golden gift of hindsight, both helpful and not helpful. In a natal chart it can manifest in strained affections; desires lurk when they shouldn't. Self-defeating; attracted to the unattractive.




| retro-Hermes
Francisco Mattos

The messenger of the gods has to rely on his smartphone during springtime in order to keep track of all his appointments. Beginning in summer and for a month he is to ride roughshod over chauvinists one and all. Come November and for three weeks he will have to resist an urge to turn into a preening prig.
Augury Ambushed The most frequent, therefore the most worrisome of visitations, and all happening inside one's brain. Mistakes now can cost; re-dos do recur. Breakups then breakdowns; logic takes a break. Time is granted to adopt thought-out words in order to throttle miscommunication, misdirection and mistakes. Time enough to be a listener. Even time to work out private connundrums. As a parting gift, Hermes restores garden-variety sanity. In a natal chart it can signify someone born w/ a spoon in its mouth, hence uttering inarticulate talk, and leading to untidy thoughts. Exhibits good rapport w/ the word No.


| back |







Francisco Mattos

  BITTERS



San Francisco Mural Day Sixteen panels from an anonymous wall mural, on Mission and 18th Streets, May 1 2016. It was a time of peak tech, w/ new restaurants w/in walking distance.

Francisco Mattos



| back |



Milky Way


 SAILORS IN THE SKY

   Final Frontiers

-



Space is fairly crowded these days, and Earth space agencies are racing to get to the choice spots first. From mapping the dark side of the moon to landing on an asteroid in the Kuiper Belt, the age of discovery proceeds apace. Spaceflight is space science concerned w/ ballistic flight into outer space, then through it. Early space agencies tackled this fundamental step, and today's spacecrafts are capable of space voyages and orbits of other space objects, and have hoisted 536 humans into space, twelve of whom walked on the Moon. Other spacecrafts, satellites that orbit worlds including ours, have reached critical mass and the smallsats get prefixes like mini-, micro-, nano-, and pico-. Joint plants to hoist a heavy telescope into orbit around the Earth which, in tandem w/ mobile systems roaming the star systems, promises insights to invent the future of space.

    °                     


Established in 1902, wholly owned by the government, the Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities develops and operates spaceflights, space science and a cosmonatuics program for the Russian Federation. It also arranges space tourism for fare-paying passengers to the International Space Station and, as of 2009, six have done so. A mission to Mars in 2012 failed, yet a robotic mission to visit a Martian moon is still in the works. In the future will be a spacecraft landing on Venus, and a Moon orbiter equipped w/ “penetrators.”


Headquartered in and around Moscow, the agency is successor to a space program that spanned 1931 to 1991, responsible for the first satellite, the first spacesuit, the first human spaceflight module, the first space rover, the first space station. In 1961, cosmonaut and pilot Yuri Gagarin became the first man in space. Two years later, cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman in space.



        ·                  ° 


Sustaining its fleet of aircraft at the end of World War II, in 1962 Canada became the third country to launch a satellite into space. In 1990, the government formed the Canadian Space Agency , reporting to the minister of innovation, science, and economic development, headquartered in Quebec, w/ a mission to apply space knowledge for the benefit of Canadians and humanity.


When three separate space companies merged in 2003 to form the Japan Aerospace Exploratory Agency , it brought under one roof expertise in x-ray astronomy, radio-astronomy, and the magnetosphere. In 2012 it became a part of government oversight and a program to militarize space. Famous for landing a probe in 2018 on an asteroid in the Kuiper Belt.

              .    °         


“… operational space application systems …”


Eastablished in 1975 and headquartered in Paris, the European Space Agency has 22 member states collaborating on space exploration projects, convened as a consequence of European scientist leaving after World War II, w/ a mission “to provide for, and to promote, for exclusively peaceful purposes, cooperation among the European States in space research and technology and their space applications, with a view to their being used for scientific purposes and for operational space applications systems.” The agency's major spaceport is in French Guiana, where it conducts human spaceflight, launches Earth observation satellites, and flies spacecraft to the beyond.

nauts

              ·          · 



In 1971, the United Kingdom became the sixth nation to launch a satellite, and by 1985, the British National Space Center. Replaced in 2010 by the UK Space Agency , and made an executive agency of the government, responsible for its civil space program, and its representative in all space negotiations. The agency is based in Wiltshire, in the former home of its predecessor. It is currently making plans for its first spaceport, and studying ways to clean-up space debris, an emerging field.


Formed in 2010 to be a government agency, the South African National Space Agency 's satellites monitor Africa for flooding, fires, and the environment, andhosts the only space weather regional warning center for the continent. It's mission is to nurture partnerships and promote industrial development of space, to stimulate interest in space science, to deliver space-related services and products to South Africa and the region.

                           



In 1969, the Indian Space Research Organization was created by the government, and headquartered in Bangalore. It is now the sixth largest space agency, developing and delivering satellite tools for home consumption, such as dedicated distance education, telemedicine, cartography, disaster management, weather forecasting, broadcasting.


Begun by the military in 1961, the space program in Brazil passed in civilian control in 1994, and became the Brazilian Space Agency , based in two locations: a spaceport and a rocket launch, which happens to be the closest to the equator of all launch bases, and the most ideal for a launch of a geosynchronous satellite.

    ·              ·         



China adminsters four departments handling all-things space: systems engineering, general planning, space science, and foreign affairs. Together they oversee space and lunar exploration programs. They do so at the behest of the eighth national people’s congress, which established a commission of science, technology and industry for national defense, and formed the China National Space Administration in 1993, headquartered in Beijing, to develop a national space program.


The agency runs this program as a national industry having its own policy and enforcement rules, and has sent eleven of its citizens, taikonauts, into space. Its logo depicts a human surrounded by escape velocity thresholds yet standing above these rings, to emphasize humanity's capability to explore.



        ·          ·         



In 1907, Germany was interested enough in space to set up an aerodynamic experimental station. It soon had company, among them a society, an association, an institution, and a consortium. Their effort coalesced in 1997 to become a government entity responsible for matters pertaining to energies, transportation, as well as their roles in aerospace, the German Aerospace Center , headquartered in Cologne, w/ fourteen satellite facilities working on the use of hydrogen as an energy carrier, building a suborbital spaceplane, and doing research into traffic congestion as well as research on emissions, among other projects.


France's space agency, founded in 1961 as "a public administration w/ industrial and commerical purpose," the National Centre for Space Studies is headquarterd in Paris, and reports to the ministries of defence and research. A participant in search-&-rescue missions, it is currently planning a trip to Venus, and is a pioneer in space medicine when the first French astronaut, Jean-Loup Chrétien, came home in 1982. It is the third space agency to go into space, w/ a mission to secure and defend, and to transpose civilization to space. The go-to space agency for all things UFO, w/ a collection going back to 1954.

  ·          .    ·           



The Italian Space Agency, founded in 1988 and headquartered in Rome, was one of the earliest countries to do research on rocketry and space propulsion. In 1914, a paper to achieve this was published by Giulio Costanzi, and the race to space was on. If you want to know about gamma rays, go to Italy, a founder of the precursor to the European Space Agency, w/ plans for a future spaceport.


Established in 1991 to report to the minstry of education, the Romanian Space Agency coordinates the natinonal space technology research program and related activities, incl. the promotion of space science in schools. There is a heritage in Romania of firms specializing in flight and its pedigree is impressive. Hermann Oberth is one of the founding fathers of rocketry, and the pioneer of rocket propulsion, Conrad Haas, who wrote: “But my advice is for more peace and no war, leaving the rifles calmly in storage, so the bullet is not fired, the gunpowder is not burned or wet, so the prince keeps his money, the arsenal master his life; that is the advice Conrad Haas gives.” Conrad Haas was born in 1509.

·                        · 



Established in 2002 as a national space program, the Algerian Space Agency oversees four operations: techniques, applications, satellites, telecommunications, and brings space technologies to any discussions on sustainable development in Africa, which it monitors for natural disasters.


Having interest in space since the 1960s, legislation to create a Philippine Space Agency has support w/ the government, already partnering w/ other Asian countries to launch a 50-microsatellite network, and space science promoted in classrooms.

                          . 


In 1946, the government set up a national advisory committee for aeronautics to observe rocket experiments, which eventually became rocket-powered aircraft programs, then manned spacecraft programs. Formed in 1958 by the US federal government, NASA, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration is an independent entity responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research. This was followed by a two-man spacecraft module program, which led NASA to become the first space agency to land a man, Neil Armstrong, on the Moon, in 1969. To prepare Armstrong and the other eleven who landed on the Moon, a ten-mission pre-event, beginning in 1962, had two-man spacecrafts orbiting the Earth and engaging in extravehicular activities such as space docking and space rendezvous. Just as important, it conducted observations to gather medical data on the prolonged effects of weightless on humans (fourteen days).


Data from its triumphal Moon mission took on the need for a laboratory in space, and by 1965 Skylab was in orbit. The heavy milestone was acheiving low Earth orbit, one that occurs every 90 hours, through the lives of fourteen astronauts. NASA has 166 manned space missions under its belt, and in 2018 it launched a survey satellite to transit exoplanets, worlds circling other stars, and will send a robotic spacecraft to probe the outer corona of the Sun. Missions are planned to Mars and Europa, a flyby of a Kuiper Belt object, samplings from a future asteroid landing, even one or two space telescopes. A directive back in 2017 tasked NASA w/ taking humans near to or else onto the surface of mars by 2033.

iss



In 1998, five agencies from Canada, Europe, Japan, Russia, and the United States, came together to launch the International Space Station, w/ an agreement to maintain long-term international co-operation, “on the basis of genuine partnership,” and to build a manned station in outer space capable of personnel housing “for peacful purposes.” Scheduled rendezvous are performed for crew rotation and to replenish supplies. 2018 marks 20 years since the Zarya module lifted off from Kazakhstan, inaugurating a milestone of cooperation in space.


There are 58 space agencies, three on the equator. Expect three more from Australia, Sri Lanka, and Philippines. They send up satellites, conduct human spaceflight, and launch extraterrestrial spacecrafts. Since 1958, the United Nations has maintained an office of outer space affairs in Vienna, tasked w/ a mandate to promote peaceful uses of outer space.



| back |






| Top |

Balcony view in Cottesloe, Western Australia, looking out the Indian Ocean towards Africa.

 



-¦  July 2019  ¦-



 WHAT SHE SAID

Dorothy Parker





Milky Way


 FINAL FRONTIER


   Sailors in the Sky

Heaven is fairly crowded these days, and space agencies on Earth race each other to get to choice spots first. From mapping the dark side of the moon to landing on an asteroid in the Kuiper Belt, space exploration proceeds tangentially.  ||  Spaceflight is space science concerned w/ ballistic flight into outer space, then through it. Early space agencies tackled this fundamental step, and today's spacecrafts are capable of space voyages and orbits of other space objects, and have hoisted 536 humans into space, twelve of whom walked on the Moon.  ||  Other spacecrafts, satellites that orbit worlds including ours, have reached critical mass and the smallsats get prefixes like mini-, micro-, nano-, and pico-.  ||  Joint plants to hoist a heavy telescope into orbit around the Earth which, in tandem w/ mobile systems roaming the star systems, promises insights to invent the future of space.

    °                     


Established in 1902, wholly owned by the government, the Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities develops and operates spaceflights, space science and a cosmonatuics program for the Russian Federation. It also arranges space tourism for fare-paying passengers to the International Space Station and, as of 2009, six have done so. A mission to Mars in 2012 failed, yet a robotic mission to visit a Martian moon is still in the works. In the future will be a spacecraft landing on Venus, and a Moon orbiter equipped w/ “penetrators.”


Headquartered in and around Moscow, the agency is successor to a space program that spanned 1931 to 1991, responsible for the first satellite, the first spacesuit, the first human spaceflight module, the first space rover, the first space station. In 1961, cosmonaut and pilot Yuri Gagarin became the first man in space. Two years later, cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman in space.



        ·                  ° 

Sustaining its fleet of aircraft at the end of World War II, in 1962 Canada became the third country to launch a satellite into space. In 1990, the government formed the Canadian Space Agency , reporting to the minister of innovation, science, and economic development, headquartered in Quebec, w/ a mission to apply space knowledge for the benefit of Canadians and humanity.


When three separate space companies merged in 2003 to form the Japan Aerospace Exploratory Agency , it brought under one roof expertise in x-ray astronomy, radio-astronomy, and the magnetosphere. In 2012 it became a part of government oversight and a program to militarize space. Famous for landing a probe in 2018 on an asteroid in the Kuiper Belt.

              .    °         


“… operational space application systems …”


Eastablished in 1975 and headquartered in Paris, the European Space Agency has 22 member states collaborating on space exploration projects, convened as a consequence of European scientist leaving after World War II, w/ a mission “to provide for, and to promote, for exclusively peaceful purposes, cooperation among the European States in space research and technology and their space applications, with a view to their being used for scientific purposes and for operational space applications systems.” The agency's major spaceport is in French Guiana, where it conducts human spaceflight, launches Earth observation satellites, and flies spacecraft to the beyond.

nauts

              ·          · 



In 1971, the United Kingdom became the sixth nation to launch a satellite, and by 1985, the British National Space Center. Replaced in 2010 by the UK Space Agency , and made an executive agency of the government, responsible for its civil space program, and its representative in all space negotiations. The agency is based in Wiltshire, in the former home of its predecessor. It is currently making plans for its first spaceport, and studying ways to clean-up space debris, an emerging field.

Formed in 2010 to be a government agency, the South African National Space Agency 's satellites monitor Africa for flooding, fires, and the environment, and hosts the only space weather regional warning center for the continent. It's mission is to nurture partnerships and promote industrial development of space, to stimulate interest in space science, to deliver space-related services and products to South Africa and the region.

                           


In 1969, the Indian Space Research Organization was created by the government, and headquartered in Bangalore. It is now the sixth largest space agency, developing and delivering satellite tools for home consumption, such as dedicated distance education, telemedicine, cartography, disaster management, weather forecasting, broadcasting.


Begun by the military in 1961, the space program in Brazil passed in civilian control in 1994, and became the Brazilian Space Agency , based in two locations: a spaceport and a rocket launch, which happens to be the closest to the equator of all launch bases, and the most ideal for a launch of a geosynchronous satellite.


    ·              ·         




China adminsters four departments handling all-things space: systems engineering, general planning, space science, and foreign affairs. Together they oversee space and lunar exploration programs. They do so at the behest of the eighth national people’s congress, which established a commission of science, technology and industry for national defense, and formed the China National Space Administration in 1993, headquartered in Beijing, to develop a national space program.


The agency runs this program as a national industry having its own policy and enforcement rules, and has sent eleven of its citizens, taikonauts, into space. Its logo depicts a human surrounded by escape velocity thresholds yet standing above these rings, to emphasize humanity's capability to explore.


        ·          ·         



In 1907, Germany was interested enough in space to set up an aerodynamic experimental station. It soon had company, among them a society, an association, an institution, and a consortium. Their effort coalesced in 1997 to become a government entity responsible for matters pertaining to energies, transportation, as well as their roles in aerospace, the German Aerospace Center , headquartered in Cologne, w/ fourteen satellite facilities working on the use of hydrogen as an energy carrier, building a suborbital spaceplane, and doing research into traffic congestion as well as research on emissions, among other projects.

France's space agency, founded in 1961 as "a public administration w/ industrial and commerical purpose," the National Centre for Space Studies is headquarterd in Paris, and reports to the ministries of defence and research. A participant in search-&-rescue missions, it is currently planning a trip to Venus, and is a pioneer in space medicine when the first French astronaut, Jean-Loup Chrétien, came home in 1982. It is the third space agency to go into space, w/ a mission to secure and defend, and to transpose civilization to space. The go-to space agency for all things UFO, w/ a collection going back to 1954.

  ·          .    ·           



The Italian Space Agency, founded in 1988 and headquartered in Rome, was one of the earliest countries to do research on rocketry and space propulsion. In 1914, a paper to achieve this was published by Giulio Costanzi, and the race to space was on. If you want to know about gamma rays, go to Italy, a founder of the precursor to the European Space Agency, w/ plans for a future spaceport.


Established in 1991 to report to the minstry of education, the Romanian Space Agency coordinates the natinonal space technology research program and related activities, incl. the promotion of space science in schools. There is a heritage in Romania of firms specializing in flight and its pedigree is impressive. Hermann Oberth is one of the founding fathers of rocketry, and the pioneer of rocket propulsion, Conrad Haas, who wrote: “But my advice is for more peace and no war, leaving the rifles calmly in storage, so the bullet is not fired, the gunpowder is not burned or wet, so the prince keeps his money, the arsenal master his life; that is the advice Conrad Haas gives.” Conrad Haas was born in 1509.

·                        · 



Established in 2002 as a national space program, the Algerian Space Agency oversees four operations: techniques, applications, satellites, telecommunications, and brings space technologies to any discussions on sustainable development in Africa, which it monitors for natural disasters.


Having interest in space since the 1960s, legislation to create a Philippine Space Agency has support w/ the government, already partnering w/ other Asian countries to launch a 50-microsatellite network, and space science promoted in classrooms.

                          . 

In 1946, the government set up a national advisory committee for aeronautics to observe rocket experiments, which eventually became rocket-powered aircraft programs, then manned spacecraft programs. Formed in 1958 by the US federal government, NASA, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration is an independent entity responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research. This was followed by a two-man spacecraft module program, which led NASA to become the first space agency to land a man, Neil Armstrong, on the Moon, in 1969. To prepare Armstrong and the other eleven who landed on the Moon, a ten-mission pre-event, beginning in 1962, had two-man spacecrafts orbiting the Earth and engaging in extravehicular activities such as space docking and space rendezvous. Just as important, it conducted observations to gather medical data on the prolonged effects of weightless on humans (fourteen days).

Data from its triumphal Moon mission took on the need for a laboratory in space, and by 1965 Skylab was in orbit. The heavy milestone was acheiving low Earth orbit, one that occurs every 90 hours, through the lives of fourteen astronauts. NASA has 166 manned space missions under its belt, and in 2018 it launched a survey satellite to transit exoplanets, worlds circling other stars, and will send a robotic spacecraft to probe the outer corona of the Sun. Missions are planned to Mars and Europa, a flyby of a Kuiper Belt object, samplings from a future asteroid landing, even one or two space telescopes. A directive back in 2017 tasked NASA w/ taking humans near to or else onto the surface of mars by 2033.

iss


In 1998, five agencies from Canada, Europe, Japan, Russia, and the United States, came together to launch the International Space Station, w/ an agreement to maintain long-term international co-operation, “on the basis of genuine partnership,” and to build a manned station in outer space capable of personnel housing “for peacful purposes.” Scheduled rendezvous are performed for crew rotation and to replenish supplies. 2018 marks 20 years since the Zarya module lifted off from Kazakhstan, inaugurating a milestone of cooperation in space.

There are 58 space agencies, three on the equator. Expect three more from Australia, Sri Lanka, and Philippines. They send up satellites, conduct human spaceflight, and launch extraterrestrial spacecrafts. Since 1958, the United Nations has maintained an office of outer space affairs in Vienna, tasked w/ a mandate to promote peaceful uses of outer space.



| back |










  ROMANCE COMICS


      I Love Lois

Lois Lane

Working nine to five as a reporter for a city daily must not leave time to do much else. As a single female working and living alone in Metropolis, how do you find balance in your life?

Lois Lane, Clark Kent and Superman are the creations of writer Jerry Siegel and artist Joe Shuster, two Cleveland teenagers nurturing keen tastes and quick psyches, who combined complementary skills to make manifest their dream of another world. They invented a city of skyscrapers where an otherworldly creature lives and makes its living as a newspaperman, while wooing a wonderful woman, and using as his secret identity a coward’s persona. Overnight their comics become a bestseller, starring the Man of Tomorrow opposite Lois Lane.





FUNNIES FAN

Clark perusing the funny pages when Lois gets inquisitive.

[-1942-] “I didn’t realize you were a comic strip fan! ” “Avid is the word for it! Gosh, take this Detective Craig strip, for example. I won't be able to sleep tonight, worrying whether or not Craig or Machine-Gun Mike is the one who will die.”





THE GOLDEN AGE  Lois Lane is already there when Clark Kent arrives on his first day at the Daily Planet, she’s working on a lonely hearts advice column. Clark, a seasoned reporter, gets called in to the editor‘s office and is assigned a new beat. In a supreme act of irony, he’s to cover someone who has been seen in Metropolis, looking to be a champion of the oppressed. Proximity to the vibrations of an unknown being notwithstanding, Lois soon slips into a vaudevillian vortex. Somehow a dastard is sure to create mayhem, usually a damsel-in-distress episode plays out, maybe an acrobatic act follows displays of unnatural skills, w/ a secret identity plot tying things up into a bow.

Page after page, the reader gets to know more about a super-being living in Metropolis, while he himself is getting to know more about Lois, pulling her into the maw of mayhem by his dada duels w/ super foes. Lois can’t see Clark for the super-simulacrum that he’s hiding behind, is drawn to Superman instead. Clark smiles and winks often at the reader, seemingly at ease w/ the imponderability of it all.


SURREAL LOIS

Trapped by the unreal villain Funnyface and transferred to the two-dimensional world.
Lois Lane
[-1942-] “Blast you, this is your fault! I’ll fix you for it!” “No! Let go!” “Ha-ha! My ray can also reverse the process! You’ll be punished by being transferred to a drawing on a piece of paper! Ha, ha, ha!”



Lois and Clark start dating right away, in the first comic book they go out on the town in evening dress. The next week she flies off on assignment to a foreign land and, due to misadventure, ends up blindfolded and standing in front of a firing squad. Back home again, Lois resorts to dropping a sleeping pill into Clark’s cocktail so as to chase a lead and beat him to a scoop. This brazen stunt backfires when she lands in trouble and, for the first time, falls out of a window.

But first, she hones in on Clark’s beat by looking up the Man of Mystery herself, trying to score an exclusive. Going to a traveling circus where he was performing for charity, an unexpected twist ensures she will not get her scoop. Their editor, Perry White, will sometimes send them out together, especially when murder has occurred. They’ve covered politics too, and, for the sake of filing a report, once took a cruise together. On these occasions, Lois often ends up solo because Clark can and will disappear at the first sign of trouble. One time this happened, she was tied down next to a table saw w/ the on switch deployed, too annoyed though not surprised w/ Clark to bother about her predicament.

Chastened to live another day, Lois expands her comfort zone, finding it in herself to bring comfort to a thawed caveman, out of time and gravely disoriented. She was one w/ her natural self another time when she ran around w/ a great ape. Through all this, Lois kept up her advice column, where once a grateful writer bequeathed a gold mine to here and which, sadly, she lost. She then plunged herself into a murky tale about a fifth columnist movement in Metropolis, wading into espionage, disinformation, and sabotage. Staff photographer Jimmy Olsen could, if prodded, fill in more details: Resorting to disguise in order to bring down a den of thieves, or committing crimes while hypnotized, or getting involved w/ murder when her fingerprints were found on the revolver, or being tied up w/ a bomb nearby (several times).


LOONEY LOIS

On a movie date, Lois and Clark watch an animated feature based on Superman and Lois Lane.
Lois Lane
[-1942-] First Imaginary Tale (top) "I don't believe I've ever seen those magazines!" (– "How they know so much about me is a puzzle. Perhaps they're clairvoyant! –") (bottom) “That’s I!” “So it is! Evidently the movie’s writers subscribe to the Daily Planet and are acquainted w/ your exploits!”

Around this time she meets Lex Luthor. Picking through the day’s press releases, Lois sees a tony and toothy one: Someone has called a gathering of the millionaires of Metropolis. Intrigued, Lois finds a way into the mansion and hides behind draperies. Eight men enter, followed by their host; Lois pulls out her notepad. Altogether, these men control railroads and airlines, real estate and financial firms. They’re involved in prohibition-era rackets, one has a publishing firm hawking inspirational books. Another runs a secret fascist cell, while the last to speak turns out to be a common man who had impersonated in order to give a rant on the wickedness of wealth; what happens to him is not shown on the next panel. All this Lois takes down, filling one comic page w/ nine speech balloons each of considerable length. Suddenly, Luthor appears w/ a weapon and knocks everyone, including Lois, out.

By 1943, budding popularity for her character propels Lois onto the cover w/ Superman, gasping as he goes head-to-head with crime’s comedy king, the Prankster. Lois is on the splash page too, because she has inadvertently stepped too close to a giant jack-in-the-box … a year later she lands her first series, LOIS LANE GIRL REPORTER, focusing on her exploits w/out Superman or Clark; it ran for thirteen issues.




♛  EPILOGUE   Looking back at the Golden Age (which took place on Earth-Two), it has come to light that the biography of Lois Lane, beginning from about 1948 on, has properly belonged to the Silver Age, and its revamped version of Lois.



NOIR LOIS

Clark and Lois are plunged into ink as they try to make sense of the silly supernatural tricks of Mr Mxyztplk, problem pixie from a daffy dimension. At high noon they’re in darkest shadows.
Lois Lane
[-1944-] “I’ve found a new place to go for lunch! You’ll like it!” “You’ve been wrong about everything else today – but I’ll take a chance!”

All along, readers had grown up w/ a Golden Age Lois, there was a Golden Age Clark; and Superman, too. It turns out there has been – and always has been – some other Lois, who lived on Earth-One, w/ another Clark and a different Superman.

In 1956, fan loyalty was rewarded when DC Comics put out the first issue of SUPERMAN’S GIRLFRIEND LOIS LANE. Once again, a new Lois Lane sprang forth, helping to usher in the Silver Age. She again came fully formed – and having a lived-in backstory. The first two tales, about a witch and a wig, look forward towards the experimental 1960s, when beauty was redefined, and backwards, w/ a ginned-up glance at the battle of the sexes, when it was still in black-&-white.

What is left of the original Lois are some stories about the Man of Steel in which she features prominently, where she proves herself an intellectual equal of a super-man. These historic events embark embryonically from the heartland of America during the onset of World War II. They then roam globally, and extra-globally, disembarking at an untested outpost – the Cold War.

Lois of Earth-Two became marooned until the DC universe took on a reimagination. By 1978, her story was once again rethreaded into the continuity. She had married Clark in the late 1950s, discovered he was Superman, went on to new adventures, even after their son was born, passing the mortal coil in 2005, in events occurring during the Infinite Crisis.




LINGERING LOIS


Clark escorts Lois through choppy times, sensitizing her to the expanding DC Universe and the truth of her origins.
Lois Lane
[-1958-] “What a day, Clark! Please – let‘s go somewhere we can relax!” “Sure, Lois. I know just the place!”







THE SILVER AGE  The winds of change began blowing in the mid-1950s, when DC Comics rehabilitated a dormant character from the past and introduced a new Flash, having a new backstory and wearing a different costume. Gradually, this new DC Universe folded outwards and divided into two.


LOPSIDED LOIS


Soon after Bizarro was introduced, a new Bizarro Lois was created , again fully formed, and prone to problems.
Lois Lane
[-1959-] “I know a perfect way to get rid of Superman’s imperfect double ... by using the Duplicator Machine again! Then I’ll wave a white flag!”



In 1956, a seminal tale had taken place on Earth-One. While Barry Allen was working late one stormy night, an accident sends a bolt of lightning crashing into the room, striking chemical vials filled w/ various liquids. Barry is knocked unconscious and falls to the floor. Lying in a suspicious-looking soup of laboratory liquids overnight, he undergoes a sea change. What had lain on the lab floor that October night was a police-lab scientist, what arose and got on its feet the next morning turned out to be an agile Adam – and harbinger of a new era. This refashioned Flash draws a chalk line at the starting point, resets the timer to zero, jumps into his costume and takes off. Soon enough he learns of the existence of Earth-Two, and visits w/ the original Flash, semi-retired but still contending w/ super-villains. Overnight, the aggregate number of super-beings doubled, then grew, as readers couldn‘t get enough.



LILTING LOIS

Lois Lane
[-1972-] “It’s a Bird ... it’s a Plane ... it’s Superman” is a Broadway musical, produced by HAROLD PRINCE in association w/ Ruth Mitchell. It starred Jack Cassidy, the music was by Charles Strouse w/ lyrics by Lee Adams, and based on a book by David Newman and Robert Denton.

The Lois of Earth-One lived a complicated existence, being routinely subjected to Imginary Tales of what-ifs that bedevil readers w/ known facts from familiar fantasy. This Lois had her own title, which ran for 137 issues, ending just in time to usher in the Bronze Age, and are known chiefly as having imparted a level of light-heartedness to her life.

In btw., Lois left her classic looks behind and is shown on a 1968 cover tearing down part of her own masthead containing the words "GIRL FRIEND", and throwing it to the ground. This was just one step less shocking than her get-up: knee-high go-go boots and a rocking Aquanet hairdo, declaring that she was through w/ the Man of Might. This fit of feminist zeal subsided, though, and the designation reappeared on the next cover. Lois Lane, born on Earth, had up until then led an unearthly existence, all because she chose to be near the one she loves, and do battle w/ battalions of babes intent on becoming the one to make children w/ the alien Adonis.

As our story begins, Lois is about thirty years old, w/ Clark two years older than that.


Action Comics №1
Champion of the Oppressed

[-1938-]   Lois Lane sprang into life fully formed, alongside the genesis story of Superman. On his first day at the Daily Planet, Clark Kent knows he is smitten w/ her, and actively pursues Lois.


CHAMPION CLARK


Where Clark stashes his suit is a constant guessing game for the reader.
Lois Lane
[-1938-] “It might be a good idea if I were seen hereabouts in my identity as Clark Kent … so the question won’t arise as to how I got my facts…” “Clark! So here you are!” “Been looking for me, Lois?”

When Clark is assigned to cover a mystery man showing remarkable potential, Lois is intrigued and goes on a first date to find out more. Twirling about the dance floor, he asks pointedly, “Why is it you always avoid me at the office?” “Please Clark! I’ve been scribbling sob stories all day long. Don’t ask me to dish out another.” All the while she’s acting bored and staring off into space, when her eyes happen to lock onto Butch, who’s been staring at her for quite some time.

Seeing his move Butch cuts in, then things turn ugly, and Lois gets an inkling that Clark may not be a man’s man. When Butch facepalms her date she storms out and calls Clark, for the very first time, “… a spineless, unbearable coward!”, and is later rescued by you-know-who. Catching up w/ the car that has just abducted her, Superman upturns the vehicle and catches Lois, for the very first time, as she spills out of the backseat window. What he does next w/ the car is famously depicted on the iconic first front cover. Turning his attention back to Lois, she backs away in mild terror until he says, “You needn’t be afraid of me. I won’t harm you.”


DICK CLARK


Sent out west on assignment, Clark ends up sheriff of a small town and instrumental in arresting an outlaw gang.
Lois Lane
[-1947-] “I heard that! I’ll fall off purposely, before onlookers begin suspecting that I am the secret identity of Superman!



Transfixed, she lets the strapping stranger scoop her up into his arms and, leaping high, carries her away. This winning formula provided years of creative chaos as the three characters circled each other round and round.

Thus ends the first tale of Lois Lane’s life, and the beginning of her startling adventures to document the existence of this mental marvel and physical wonder, devoted to daring deeds that will reshape the destiny of a world.





Lois Lane №17
The Daily Planet

[-1960 - An Untold Story + Demand Classic-]   Every year on the anniversary of her first day, Perry White has thrown an office party to celebrate. Then one time he became sentimental, and opened up. “... When Lois first asked me for a job, I told her I would hire her if she brought me three scoops in three days! She did it ... w/out Superman’s help!”


LODESTONE LOIS


Lois is sent out on assignment, to see if she has what it takes to bring in a scoop.
Lois Lane
[-1960-] “Drat! A flat tire! And the spare is flat, too! Well, I can hike to Professor Thorne’s diggings from here! I must have the third scoop this third day to win my job w/ Perry White!”

When Clark is assigned to cover a mystery man showing remarkable potential, Lois is intrigued and goes on a first date to find out more. Picking up the cue, Lois blows out the candles, gives the first slice to Perry, and takes over. On the first day Perry handed her a couple of leads, and she chose the easiest one: securing evidence on a team of safe-crackers. She went dressed as a cleaning lady and boldly entered their lair. She then kicked over the waste paper basket, plugged in her vacuum cleaner, and turned it on. This brazen act turned up pure gold when a torn-up note was recovered and when taped back together, implications were deduced, and arrest warrants then issued. Los had her first scoop. By now slices had been made, and plates started to go around.


GYPSY CLARK


Graduating Smallville High and finishing college, Clark went to Metropolis U and earned a degree in journalism. Then6 he bounced around and worked various jobs, driving a cab, trying his hand at logging, even wearing a policeman’s uniform. Eventually though, he landed an interview w/ Perry White, winding up in the profession he liked the best.
Lois Lane
[-1963-]Oops! C-can’t keep my balance!



Her next assignment was to secure the first-ever photograph of a reclusive royal, prone to strongarm tactics in order to secure his privacy. And she comes back w/ the photo. Then Clark and Jimmy Olsen ask for another slice, both at the same time. Lois takes this opportunity to sit down, staring into the cavern created in the cake. Her car had unexpectedly broken down on the third day, and she ended up walking miles out to nowhere in order to interview an archaeologist, claiming a new discovery. She gets her story, and it’s a doozy but, w/ no easy access back, Lois devises the most ingenious methods yet known to newswriters worldwide, enabling her post to reach Perry. It is front page news, and Lois lands her dream job.





Superman №17
Man or Superman?

[1942]   One time Lois and Clark teamed up to track down the Talon, titular head to a gang of thieves. She later returned to her desk, thinking she was going to write up a scoop, only to learn that Clark got there first.


UBER CLARK


Clark became the archetypal nerd, wearing glasses because he really has to. How his physiognomy didn’t give him away as Superman is one for the books. This instance of willful ignorance apparently is impossible. Because mental snapshots.
Lois Lane
[-1938-] “Good! I’m not mentioned!”
Lois Lane
[-1945-] “So they finally caught Lefty Bragg for that bank robbery, eh?”
Lois Lane
[-1959-] “If someone finds those glasses and realizes they were hidden in my secret pouch, he may suspect that I’m Superman! Meanwhile, I’ll have to wear a spare pair of ordinary glasses.”

Exasperated, she then asked and he then gave a reason so lame that it was enough to make her wonder if Clark might be Superman. There have been many versions of this story.

In one telling, they were working at their desks when a commotion on the street below draws their attention: a necklace robbery was in progress. She suddenly got a feeling she knew what Clark would do next, which was to give a flimsy excuse and disappear, then a minute will pass and Superman should (and will) come flying past the window. This quizzical look does not go unnoticed w/ eagle-eyed Clark as he stages a retreat. Changing into his costume he thinks back to the very first time Lois ever did all of her wondering.

It happened one morning when he had flown over to the office, and she had caught a quick glimpse. Lois was rounding a corner and became aware of his landing on the roof of her building. “… and now he’s dropped out of sight! Good gracious! Maybe he works on the Planet staff, under a secret identity!”





Lois Lane №3
Miss Lonelyhearts



LONELY LOIS


Emotions can run high when one is given a 350-word limit to impart lived advice.
Lois Lane
[-1958-] “I... I have my (sob) s-scoop!” “Poor Lois, her curiosity got her a story ... but lost what she wanted most! I wish I could help ... but even Superman can’t mend a broken love ... or a broken heart!”

[-1958-]   Lois once went above and beyond her duties as the advice columnist. She had shown up at the eighth floor landing window of the Belvue Apartments, where a despondent man was threatening to jump. Lois climbs out, telling him she too wants to jump, “Er-(gulp!) Do you think you’re the only person in the world w/ a broken heart?” Promptly looses her footing, goes over the edge. She manages to catch the corner of a election banner hanging below and before it tears off she has swung into position to plummet through a number of window awnings which cushion her fall until a fireman’s net catches her.


COURTLY CLARK


As a reporter he was scrupulous as to the facts, although he kept certain continuances close to heart.
Lois Lane
[-1959-]Well, I didn’t lie to Bates! Everything happened just as I described except for one small detail ...” Clark had a sober disposition to performing his job, so when a new publisher requesed that he go to the public gardens and cover the opening of a bloom, he complied.

This vivid demonstration of falling in love cures the man’s sick heart, so he climbs back in and goes to where Lois is being treated. “You’re wonderful, Miss Lane! The next time I commit suicide, it’s going to be over you!





Lois Lane №29
School for Scoops

[-1961-]   Through pluck and perserverance Lois becomes the number one female reporter in the United States! The University of Metropolis then asks her to give a lecture course.
Hearing this news, racketeer Nick Roker sends two gunmen to the campus. Because. Lois proves a precocious professor, and w/ the help of Jimmy Olsen stages reanactments of actual cases.


LONG-WINDED LOIS


Lois shares her years of work experience when she teaches a class.
Lois Lane
[-1961-] “Welcome, ladies and gentlemen of the press! I’ll begin my lecture after the two students who are still missing up show up! I warn you, though! Be prepared for some unusual teaching methods! I’ve prepared the reenactments of some of my greatest experiences right here on stage!”


Jimmy walks the class through the first scenario: Drugged by a gang she’s been after, Lois gains consciousness to find that she is bound, gagged, inside a tiny basement. Someone behind is about to put a blindfold on her. At this critical moment, Lois locates the basement’s electric meter and memorizes its serial number.


COLUMNIST CLARK


Lois Lane
[-1938-] “Maybe Superman should have a look for … Oh, oh! No time to worry about the mysterious shock now! A heavy fog moved in over the airport and there’s a plane in trouble!”
Lois Lane
[-1952-] “Oh-oh! the FBI has just announced that a man in a costume, who looks like Superman, photographed a secret new type of space ship the other day, then escaped! I’d better change to my secret identity of Suerpman and investigate!!”

This bit of information helps break the case and gets her a scoop. Before dismissing the class, she hands out writing assignments.

The students return the next day and are greeted by a gruesome set piece: Having crossed the line w/ racketeer “Duke” Benson, he entices her over to his office and there ties her up in a chair, placing a bomb under the chair before his exit. Ignoring the lit fuse, she leans forward and nudges the phone off its cradle, picks up a pencil w/ her mouth, and dials 9-1-1. By the time she grades this second assignment Lois has deduced that two are not written by journalism students.

Thinking to instruct her class by treating this as a case study, she outs them only to realize too late they were sent by Roker. Lois’s quick thinking disarms them long enough for Jimmy, using his signal-watch, to summon Superman, who makes a brief cameo at the very end.





Lois Lane №55
Raleigh Review

[-1965 - An Untold Tale ]   One time, Lois took Jimmy Olsen and Superman to her college reunion. There she grew nostalgic and, picking up a school scrapbook, leafed through and found a clipping of her first scoop for the Raleigh Review.


LYCEUM LOIS


Lois auditioning for work on the college newspaper.
Lois Lane
[-1965-]You want me to write a story on ‘How I Made the Fencing Team’? That’s impossible! Raleigh only has a men’s fencing squad.” “That’s tough! Either get the story or you’re through!”

It was an impossible first assignment: to join an all-male only fencing team and write about the experience. The fencing captain, who was a good sport and willing to go along, gives Lois a week to practise before they were to meet in a bout. Through diligence and sheer love-of-writing, she outfences the captain, landing Lois her very first scoop. Then she puts down her punch and begins leafing through a second scrapbook, locating a clipping of her first-hand account of discovering a new comet – by fluke,


COLLEGE CLARK


On his very fist day at Metropolis U, Clark is already the target of bullies, shuffling through sticky situations, and gets into practise making excuses whenever he has to change costumes.
Lois Lane
[-1958-] “You know what, Clark? Superboy’s been seen around campus so much, there’s a rumor he’s a student at Metropolis U! Wouldn’t that be wonderful!” “Yes – just swell.” [ An Untold Tale ]

during a night at the Smallville Observatory, where she was using the telescope to write a paper for astronomy class. The last page of the scrapebook held a tattered clipping of her strangest scoop. Taking a solo field trip for biology class, Lois had stumbled across – and captured on film – a live pterandon and a living sabre-tooth. Her biology teacher is wowed. “Those prehistoric creatures vanished without a trace, Lois! But thanks to the movies you took, we know exactly how they looked and acted!





Adventure Comics №128
First Date

[-1948 - Bonus Tale - An Exclusive Adventure of Superboy ]   While attending high school, Clark was once sent a letter from the Daily Planet:


LOVING LOIS


Clark loses a bet to Lois.
Lois Lane
[-1948-] “How many scoops?” “Two!” “Scooped again!

 Clark Kent, 713 Main Street. congratulations! You are one of the two winners of our annual contest to honor the best school newspaper reporters. Your prize is a free-trip to Metropolis, where you will be allowed to work as cub reporter for one week. 


CURIOUS CLARK


Clark took his studies seriously, and went out of his way to do extra reading. In a later tale that was instructive for young Clark, he had an opportunity to learn how a reporter at the Smallville Herald gets breaking news on Superboy’s exploits, even before he himself is out of costume.
Lois Lane
[-1956-] “Hmm... history records are sometimes incomplete! It’s not known, for instance, if the city of Metropolis was founded in 1702 or 1707!”


Overjoyed and full of bonhomie, Clark shows up and is introduced to Lois Lane, the other winner; he takes an instant shine to her. The editor tries to break his spell by assigning a competition to see who can bring in the best story of the day, whereby the winner will get a front page byline! Lois suggests a side bet to Clark, “The loser treats the winner to an ice cream sundae?” “I never bet … but I’ll make an exception in your case!” After handshakes all around, Lois ventures out and, based on a hunch, stumbles into criminal activity, resulting in being tied up and about to meet her end – Superboy arrives and saves the day. After he has dispatched her attackers, he glides over and unties Lois. On an impulse she jumps into his arms and asks to be carried away from the scene, a request the Boy of Tomorrow was fated to grant. She wins the competition (Clark has been too busy) and, after work, he takes her to a soda fountain and pays his bet. They spend the week chasing stories, then it’s time to wave goodbye to Lois from a train platform, wondering if he’ll ever cross paths w/ her again.


LASCIVIOUS LOIS


LANA LANG, is wantonly shamed by Lois as she shares a wall w/ a poster of Superman which reads "Give to Superman Fresh Air Fund."
Lois Lane
[-1961-] “Hurry up, Green Arrow! It’s our turn to kiss Lois nown” “ What has Lois Lane got that I haven’t got? Not only does she always beat me out w/ Superman, but now she’s got the Justice League members mad about her!”






|  LOIS LANE NOTES

[1]
LANA LANG – In 1950, the first LL to enter Clark's life happened when Prof. Lewis Lang, his wife and daughter Lana first became neighbors w/ the Kents. Lana promptly becomes prey to an ex-convict, and her life in Smallville then becomes threaded into Superboy's. It was while staying w/ the Kents when her parents go on a business trip that she began to suspect that the two boys are one and the same. This causes Superboy to fly over to Africa, helping the Langs round up animals they were contracted to procure and destined for zoos, so they could come home early.
[2]
COMIC BOOK ERAS: Golden Age [-1938-to-1955-]Silver Age [-1956-to-1972-] – Bronze Age [-1973-to-1985-] – Steel Age [-1986-to-2015-] – Diamond Age [-2016-to-2040-]
[3]
BACK COVER AD – In the very first appearance of Lois, Clark and Superman, the back cover was bought by the Johnson Smith & Company in Detroit, Michigan. They were purveyors of, among other things: - pocket radios - midget radios - midget pocket radios - magic radios - crystal radios - radio & television books - experiment sets - wireless transmittals - telegraph sets - electric phones - electric baseballs - world mikes (a microphone) - deluxe microphones - big entertainers (an air mattress) - Stinson Reliant giant flying planes - all-metal model airplanes - wigs (blond only) - yacht caps - live chameleons - x-ray glasses - booklets on hypnotism, learning to dance, learning to tap dance, ventriloquism, and ju-jitsu - whoopee cushions - joy bussers - rings - luminous photos - luminous paints - movie projectors - telescopes - field glasses - world's smallest candid cameras - bull dog fish hooks - and Japanese rose bushes.
[4]
BASED ON reports from, among others, Tricia Annis, Tim Hanley, Steven Thompson, and the internet.

| back|






 WHAT HE SAID

James Garfield

James Garfield






 BLACK COUNTRY ROCK




“As revealed in the song Ziggy Stardust,
Ziggy was not a spider - he was the fly.”

     -- Steele Savage



David Bowie Outside 1995
 The Bewlay Brothers   Bowie and Brian Eno in a publicity still for their fourth collaboration.

Outside the musical world he inhabits, David Bowie can usually be found in the company of artists. These adventures through the art world found an expression in the early 1990s while playing around on his computer; he came up w/ the tale of a diary concerning blood and art. This having only recently chatted w/ Brian Eno on the possibility of launching several investigations into the malaise that is fin-de-siecle culture - the last five years of the 20th century - and what that might be like. In 1995, Bowie took this short story into the studio and, w/ Eno's involvement, produced a concept album concerning "this rather dark, satirical idea of where art could go." While Eno fiddles w/ the elusives and imbues the proceedings w/ propositions and strategies, Bowie massages words into music, seeking for fits or juxtaposition til a composition can cohere. At the same time, musicians are taking cues from Eno into which meadow the sound ought to and can roam.


David Bowie Outside 1995
 Breaking Glass   "Strong smatterings of Diamond Dogs." 1. Outside was released September 25 1995, and features on the cover a 1995 self-portrait.
Lyrics eventually separate and become voices, and the voices beaome, among others, particular characters: a detective following a lead, a victim who is murdered and turned into art, an assortment of suspects, and a minotaur. Having ironed out the inequities as well as iniquities, what emerges is the album 1.Outside, a disjointed and disjunctive dystopia involving violence and death, sex and rock 'n roll.


-|- FIVE YEARS 

The cosmic Chameleon and the chance Corinthian lash themselves together, in the lab - on the slab - and bring forth “… a gothic drama hyper-cycle”.

Outside

 Changes   Prototypes of several characters found in a diary kept by Detective Nathan Adler.


❝  [Brian and I] had already started a whole set of improvisations in the studio around March, 1994. Out of that came dialogue and landscape that was tied together, not even tenuously. All the elements were fairly disparate. This is a once-in-a-lifetime chance, by a narrative device, to chronicle the final five years of the millennium. The over-ambitious intention is to carry this through to the year 2000.

❝ What Brian and I are trying to do is develop a series of albums. [Outside] is the first in this cycle of albums. [The diary is] only the subject matter, it’s not the content of the album. The content is very much the atmosphere and texture of the music, that strange place that music indeed puts you which cannot be articulated. The story itself is semi-linear, so if you want to, follow it in a linear fashion, but it's not absolutely necessary.

David Bowie Outside 1995
 Panic In Detroit  "It's quite amazing what is happening as we approach the end of this particular passage of time."
The pieces themselves can be autonomous, they are pieces of music on their own.

❝ Well, Brian, very cleverly, because of being what he is, which is basically a conceptualist, turned everything into a series of games once we got into the studio: To allow the musicians to not be who they are for short periods of time. He would create little flash cards for them in the mornings. He would create situations they would have to put themselves in mentally, intellectually, and then start playing from that point of view. On each one, a character was written, like (You are the disgruntled member of a South African rock band. Play the notes that were suppressed). ... Because that set the tone for the day, the music would take on all those obscure areas. And it would very rarely lapse into the cliché. So we changed the status of the beginning of these pieces and they came into them like aliens from another place. It opened up a whole area of improvisation. ... It’s very hard to explain [laughs], you should have been there.

David Bowie Outside 1995
 All the Madmen  "The lesson to learn from outsider art was that the artist should be primal. Technique or virtuosity didn’t matter; that which was unformed and screaming inside of you, waiting to be released, was the real essence of the creativity."
A piece that shows the extreme it could get to is A Small Plot of Land. That piece in particular was a first class indication of what happens when you put people in a strange place like that.

❝ As for musicians, it was important to choose those who were not weighed down with musical cliché, who had terrific control over their abilities. Yet were a bit loony.

❝ The lyric writing itself was fairly hazardous. What I did, I took a lot of areas of subject matter I’m interested in and wrote short paragraphs or pieces of poetry around those subjects and fed them into this Macintosh computer I have. I have a random key on it and it will randomize what I have written. So it was basically the Macintosh’s choice that it was New Jersey. But it was also a bit of England, too, with New Oxford Town. [Then decide] whether I was going to sing, do a dialogue, or become a character. I would improvise with the band, really fast on my feet, getting from one line to another and seeing what worked.

David Bowie Outside 1995
 Fantastic Voyage  - The 19-song live set in Mountain View Calif. began w/ Subterraneans and ended w/ Teenage Wildlife.


❝ There’s no intent in it, there’s no meaning. I’m not a meaner. I don’t have this great thing that I have to say. It’s a collection of fragments of information, of ideas, that are assembled and produce a certain atmosphere.

❝ Next year, we’ll develop a whole new slew of other characters or maybe re-introduce some of these or even negate some of them. Maybe we’ll never find Baby Grace. Maybe [Detective Nathan] Adler will become the next victim. I don't know. And that’s what’s kind of interesting. Maybe we’ll just get bored with murder as art and move into another area of our society. It’s all up for grabs. So I‘m quite interested in the future of this thing.

David Bowie Outside 1995
 Rubber Band  For a glimpse backstage, there is a 10-episode diary (±60 mins) of the Outside Tour.


❝ I think [the album is] a confluence of events. First, we definitely perceive murder now as entertainment. It’s used to a massive extent in cinema. And pretty much it’s a space filler in TV. There’s the whole gladiatorial arena spectacle of somehow appeasing gods or looking at the fears and anxieties of the public.

❝ The momentum gathers as we approach the end of this cycle of 100 years, a huge anguish that everything will change. I wanted to make a record that reflected those anxieties, a state of moral, spiritual and emotional panic. With people breaking off into small groups to feel some sense of community.

❝ I think the idea of becoming comfortable with the idea of chaos is how we are progressing – that life and the universe are extremely untidy. Anything that pulls back the veil on that chaos is a step nearer a more realistic understanding of what our state is – so I embrace chaos. I’m a child of the ’70s, remember. I’m pluralistic by nature. I always had the unfortunate facility of being able to see both sides of every picture. It wasn’t a question of not being able to determine which side I was on, but seeing that things didn’t have sides. It wasn’t as simple as that.

David Bowie Outside 1995
 The Mysteries  "I think that our religious philosophies trail so far behind the way that we actually live today that we find ourselves in a spiritual void, and I think it affects the young very much indeed. ... We continually try and find ritual, but we have no religious order to connect that ritual to. ... So we have to reinvent God, I think, in our own new way of life to give ourselves another form of spiritual sustenance."


❝ Oh, I’ve got the fondest hopes for the fin de siecle. I see it as a symbolic sacrificial rite. I see it as a deviance, a pagan wish to appease gods, so we can move on. There’s a real spiritual starvation out there being filled by these mutations of what are barely remembered rites and rituals. To take the place of the void left by a non-authoritative church. We have this panic button telling us it’s gonna be a colossal madness at the end of this century.

❝ Plus this growing momentum in body art, which has been precipitated over the last 15 years or so with people like Kiki Smith and Damian Hirst and Ron Athey and Chris Burden. The idea of using the body as yet another medium, like wood or metal or glass or stone -- almost the politicizing of the body itself.

David Bowie Outside 1995
 Scary Monsters (Super Creeps)  ... the most portentous chaos-abyss ...
Almost extrapolating on that in an allegorical fashion to have this rather dark, satirical idea of where art could go.

❝ About 20 percent of what I put in [the album] are fictional and the rest are real, but it’s very hard to tell the difference. But the most surprising one, like the Korean cutting off pieces of himself in the late ’70s in New York, was not apocryphal. I checked back with Art Forum.

❝ The morality of any society is quite strange. In the finality, it’s decided by law what happens. People change their network of comfort by changing laws to make things acceptable or unacceptable.




OUTSIDE FOOTNOTES

[1] THE ART-RITUAL MURDER OF BABY GRACE BLUE aka THE DIARY OF NATHAN ADLER ¶ It was at precisely 5:47am on the morning of Friday 31 of December 1999 that a dark spirited pluralist began the dissection of 14-year-old "Baby Grace."

David Bowie Outside 1995
 Subterraneans  -|- Detective Nathan Adler -|- Lonely Algeria Touchshriek -|- Victim Baby Grace Blue -|- Art-terrorist Ramona A. Stone -|- Director of Arts Protectorate of London Nicolas Serota.
The arms of the victim were pin-cushioned w/ 16 hypodermic needles, pumping in four major preservatives, colouring agents, memory information transport fluids and some kind of green stuff. From the last and 17th, all blood and liquid was extracted. The stomach area was carefully flapped open and the intestines removed, disentangled and re-knitted as it were, into a small net or web and hung btw. the pillars of the murder-location, the grand damp doorway of Oxford Town Museum of Modern Parts, New Jersey. The limbs of Baby were then severed from the torso. Each limb was implanted w/ a small, highly sophisticated, binary-code translator which in turn was connected to small speakers attached to far ends of each limb. The self-contained mini amplifiers were then activated, amplifying the decoded memory info-transport substances, revealing themselves as little clue haikus, small verses detailing memories of other brutal acts, well documented by the ROMbloids. The limbs and their components were then hung upon the splayed web, slug-like prey of some unimaginable creature. The torso, by means of its bottom-most orifice, had been placed on a small support fastened to a marble base. It was shown to varying degrees of success depending upon where one stood from behind the web but in front of the museum door itself, acting as both signifier and guardian to the act. It was definitely murder - but was it art?

David Bowie Outside 1995
  Cygnet Committee  "The one continuum that is throughout my writing is a real simple, spiritual search."
All this was to be the lead-up to the most provocative event in the whole sequence of serial-events that had started around November of tha same year, plunging me into the most portentous chaos-abyss that a quiet lone-hacker like myself could comprehend. My name is Nathan Adler, or Detective Professor Adler in my circuit. I'm attached to the division of Art-Crime Inc., the recently instigated corporation funded by an endowment from the Arts Protectorate of London, it being felt that the investigation of art-crimes was in itself inseparable from other forms of expression and therefore worthy of support from this significant body. Nicolas Serota himself had deemed us, the small-fry of the division, worthy of an exhibit at last year's Biennale in Vencie, three rooms of evidence and comparative study work which conclusively proved that the cow in Mark Tansey's "The Innocent Eye Test" could not differentiate btw. Paulus Potter's "The Young Bull" of 1647 (exactly 300 years before I was born, incidentally) and one of Monet's grain stack paintings of the 1890s. The traditional art press deemed this extrapolation "bullshit" and removed itself to study the more formal ideas contained in Damien Hirst's "Sheep In a Box."

David Bowie Outside 1995
 Quicksand  "I’m sure you know a writer, Thomas de Quincy. For those of us who grew up in the ’60s, his Confessions of an Opium Eater was a kind of bible. At that time, in 1820, he wrote a small piece for Blackwoods, a London magazine, called Murder Considered as a Fine Art which laid down exactly that theory. Sort of that classic idea of taking a life as something sort of ritualized. Lots of things came into it. It wasn’t a simple, direct journey. Even the surrealists, like Andre Breton, who said in the ’20s, probably one of the greatest acts of art would be to go out into a crowd and shoot a revolver into it."
Art's a farmyard. It's my job to pick thru the manure heap looking for peppercorns. Friday - 12.31.99 - 10:15a As in any crime, my first position is to peruse the motive-gag. The recent spate, thru '98-'99, of concept-muggings pretty much had me pulling breath for an art-murder. It was a crime whose time was now. The precedents were all there. It had probably its beginnings in the '70s w/ the Viennese castrationists and the blood-rituals of Nitsch. Public revultion put the lid on that episode, but you can't keep a good ghoul down. Spurred on by Chris Burden's having himself shot by his collaborator in a gallery, tied up in a bag, thrown on a highway and then crucified upon the top of a Volkswage, stories circulated thru the nasty-neon of NY night that a young Korean artist was the self-declared patient of wee-hours surgery in cut and run operations at not-so-secret locations in the city. If you found out about it, you could go and watch this guy having bits and pieces removed under anaesthetic. A finger-joint one night, a limb another.

David Bowie Outside 1995
 Blackout   -|- Mark Rothko -|- Damien Hirst's Sheep in the Box 1994 -|- Mark Tansay's The Innocent Eye Test -|- Ron Athey -|- Chris Burden shooting at an airplane -|- Hermann Nitsch
By the dawning of the '80s, rumour had it that he was down to a torso and one arm. He'd asked to be left in a cave in the Catskills, fed every so often by his acolytes. He didn't do much after that, I guess he read a lot. Maybe wrote a whole bunch. I suppose you can never tell what an artist will do once he's peaked. Round this same time, Bowie the singer remarked on a coupla goons who frequented the Berlin bars wearing full surgery regalia: caps, aprons, rubber gloves and masks. The cutting edge. Then came Damien Hirst w/ the Shark-Cow-Sheep thing. No humans, palatable ritual for the worldwide public. The acceptable face of gore. Meanwhile in the US, 1994, I was in town on the night of the Athey scarifications. Thursday - 10.27.94 - 122 E. Village, Manhattan Ron Athey, performance artist not for the squeamish - former heroin addict-HIV positibve, pushes what looks like a knitting needle repeatedly into his forehead, a crown of blood, must hurt like hell. Stream red dribble-dribble. No screams. Face moves in pain. Carried upstage and scrubbed down in his own blood. Then water. Now dresses in nice suit and tie. Now in the black T-shirt and jeans, carving, w/ a disposable salpel, patterns, into the back of Daryl Carlton, a black man. Bloody blotted paper towels then hung on a washing line suspended over the heads of the audience. Blood-prints from life. An extremely limited edition. When it was first performed back in March, "Four Scenes in a Harsh Life" exploded controversy shrapnel through-out the National Endowment for the Arts. "We have taken every precaution w/ our disposal systems,"

David Bowie Outside 1995
 Please Mr Gravedigger  "I'll tell you something which happened subsequently to recording the album which was disturbing in itself. There's a Dutch artist, Rob Scholte, who's pretty well-known in Europe. One day, in December 1994, he came down from his apartment and got in his car w/ his wife and he heard a ticking sound. Needless to say, his car seat blew up and he was left without legs. Within a week following that, one of his contemporaries had been down to the attempted assassination spot and filmed the wreckage, the crash area, and was using it as a performance piece in a gallery in Amsterdam. That's not a hair's breadth away from what was satirical. And of course now Rob Scholte is doing performance shows where he makes great play over the fact that he no longer has a pair of legs. They still haven't found out who blew him up, but there are all kind of theories ranging from a drug connection to a jealous artist."
An Athey spokes-person said. "The towels containing the blood are immediately deposited in hazardous-waste bags. Each evening, the material will be driven to a hospital for final disposal." Athey says he is dealing w/ issues of self-loathing, suffering, healing and redemption. Friday - 12.31.99 - 10:30a - Museum of Modern Parts I'm drinking up the Oxford Town. New Jersey fume. Salty and acid. Maybe I can get a handle on this thing back in Soho at the bureau. It used to be Rothko's studio, now the playground for all us Art-Crime folk, AC's or "the daubers" as we're dubbed. Rothko himself, in a deep-dark-drunk one night, carefully removed his clothes, folded them up neatly, placing them upon a chair, lay upon the floor in a crucified position and after several attempts, found the soft blue pump of his wrists and checked out He'd held the razor blades btw. wads of tissue paper so that he wouldn't cut his fingers. Deep thinker. Always was. 11:00am - "Dauber' HQ, Soho The only names the Data bank can associate w/ Baby Grace are Leon Blank, Ramona A. Stone and Algeria Touchshriek. The rundowns are brief but not to the point: [- RAMONA A. STONE: Female. Caucasian. Mid-40s. Assertive maintenance interest-drug dealer and Tyrannical Futurist. No convictions. Contacts: Leon Blank, Baby Grace Blue, Algeria Touchshriek. -] [- LEON BLANK: Male. Mixed race. 22 years. Outsider. Three convictions for petty theft, appropriation w/ plagiarism w/out license. Contacts: Baby Grace Blue, Algeria Touchshriek. -] [- ALGERIA TOUCHSHRIEK : Male. Caucasian. 78 years. Owner of small establishment on Rail Yard. Oxford Town, NJ. Deals in art-drugs and DNA prints. Fence for all apparitions of any medium. Harmless, lonely. -] Small cog, no wheels. Not much to go on but R.A. Stone weighs heavy on my memory. No problem, it'll come back. Best thing to do now is feed all relevant pieces into the Mack-Verbasiser, the Metarandom programme that re-strings real life facts as im-probable virtual-fact. I may get a lead or two from that. ... 11:15a Jesus Who. I hate typing. Anyhow, we've got some real interesting solvents from Mack-random. How about this! Verbasiser down-load, first block: No convictions of assertive saints believed Caucasian way-out tyrannical evoked no images described - Christian saints questions no female cristian machine believed no work is caucasian assertive saints believed female described christian tyrannical questions - R.A.Stone convictions martyrs and tyrannicals are evoked Female described sado-masochist questions - I am suicide described the fabric machine - Slashing way out saints and martyrs and thrown downstairs. Now the swirl begins. Now the image stack backs up and takes center stage. Ramona A. Stone, I remember this thickness, this treacly liquid thought. But wait, I'm ahead of myself. 6.15.77 - Kreutzburg, Berlin It's two in the morning. I can't sleep for the screaming of some poor ostracised Turkish immigrant screaming his guts out from over the street. His hawking shriek sounds semi-stifled like he's got a pillow over his mouth. But the desperation comes through the spongy rubber like a knife. It cuts the breeze and bangs my eardrums. I take a walk past the fabric machine, turn left onto a street w/ no name. The caucasian suicide center, naked and grimy, silhouetted by fungus yellow street lamps female slashing way-out saints for a dollar a time thrown downstairs if you can't take any more. Pure joy of retreat into death, led by the shepherdess. Anti mixed-race posters pasted upon their altar of pop-death icons party people.

David Bowie Outside 1995
 Unwashed and Somewhat Slightly Dazed  "The other things that went into [Outside], Brian and I are both fans of a form of art known as outsider art. I, for the last 15 years, have lived next to the holy shrine of outsider art, an art museum in Switzerland called Le Brut, set up by Dubuffet [Collection de l'Art Brut in Lausanne]. He set it up because he felt he was terribly influenced by the kinds of art that were made by people who lived an unstructured life – in institutions, or hermits, or were ostracized by society for one reason or another. He collected the art that they made and toward the late years of his life opened this museum and put their work in it. That actually was a source of inspiration when we went in for our last three albums in the late 70s. ... The idea of working without knowledge or judgement, either self-judgement or of how the outside world perceives what you're doing."
A zero w/ no name looks dull-eyed to Ms. Stone, the drone that says "in the future, everything was up to itself." Yea. I remember Ramona. She set herself up as the no-future priestess of the Caucasian Suicide Temple, vomiting out her doctrine of death-as-eternal-party into the empty vessels of Berlin youth. The top floor rooms were the gateways to giving up to the holy ghost. She must have overseen more than 30 or 40 check-outs before the local squad twigged what was going down. 10.28.1994 New Yorker magazine, advance copy celebrating fashion. It's a first of its kind since Tina Brown took over as editor. One look is all it took. It took the look and wrote a new book on what sophi-staplites would take and bake. Guy Bourdin featured heavily in this new eDISHion. Since the advent of AIDS and the new morality, and, of course his death, his dark sexy fatal style had fallen out of Vogue. An uncompromising photographer, he had found a twisty avenue through desire and death. A white female leg sticking gloomily out of a bath of black liquid enamel. Two glued up babes covered in tiny pearls. The glue prevented their skins from breathing and they pass out. "Oh it would be beautiful," he is to have said, "to photograph them dead in bed."

David Bowie Outside 1995
 Beauty and the Beast  ... it had probably its beginnings in the '70s w/ the Viennese castrationists and the blood-rituals of Nitsch ...
He was a French Guy. He had known Man Ray. Loved Lewis Carroll. His first gig was doing hats for Vogue. He'd place dead flies or bees on the faces of the models, or, female head wears hat crushed btw. three skinned calves heads, tongues lolling. What was this? Fine Arts? The surrealists might even think his work passé. Well, it was the '50s, that's what it was. The tight-collar '50s seen through unspeakable hostility. He wanted but he couldn't paint. So he threw globs of revengeful hatred at his nubile subjects. He would systematically pull the phone cord out of the wall. He was never to be distrubed. Distrubed. Never. Everything and everyone died round him. One shoot focusing upon a woman lying in bed was said to be a reconstruction of his estranged wife's death. Another picture has woman in a phone booth making some frantic call. Her hand is pressed whitely against the glass. Behind her and outside are two female bodies partially covered by the autumn leaves. His dream, so he told friends, was to do shoots in the morgue, w/ the stiffs as mannequins. I don't know. I just read this stuff. Now his spirit was being resurrected. We're mystified by blood. It's our enemy now. We don't understand it. Can't live w/ it. Can't, well ... y'know? Friday - 12.31.99 - 11:30a After surgery and investment in a bullet-proof mask, Ramona turned up in London, Canada as owner of a string of body-parts jewellery stores. Lamb penis necklaces, goat-scrotum purses, nipple earrings, that sort of thing. The word on the street, however, suggested that it was not in the best of interests to become one of her clients as occassionally, a customer would step into her shop and not come out again. The whistle blew after a much-loved and highly respected celebrity, known for being known, failed to show for a gallery-hanging of her mirrors. Other celebrities, equally known for being known, some only to each other, thought it the most profound exhibit in years and couldn't take their eyes off the works. All the pieces sold within an hour, many for record prices. When the critic for Tate magazine asked for an interview / the celebrity-artist, the gallery owner recalled that he hadn't seen her since earlier that day. She'd mentioned that she would be going shopping for a diamond-encrusted unbilical cord as a celebratory thing to announce her pregnancy. She would be back in an hour. Just a quick stop at the "Gallstone." 1986. That pregnancy would have been produced a being that would be around 14 years of age. If it was still alive. To be continued... -|- Read The Annotated Diary of Nathan Adler
[2] GENESIS

David Bowie Outside 1995
 Diamond Dogs  "I've always felt like a vehicle for something else but then I've never really sorted out what that was" (1973). -|- Bowie explaining the cut-up technique he employed for Diamond Dogs.
The concept album 1.Outside aka Outside is based, in part, on a diary that Bowie kept over the course of a 2-week spell and, found wanting for publication, instead turned it into a short story about taboo. Revisiting the cut-up method, pioneered by the Dadaists of the 1920s and later deployed by Brion Gysin and William S. Burroughs to disrupt a linear progression, Bowie stitched together another kind of diary: kept during the course of a murder investigation. Bowie claimed that it took about three and a half hours of using the cut-up method to create "virtually the entire genesis" of the album. He had just stepped away from finishing the soundtrack to 1993's Buddha of Suburbia mini-series for BBC Televsion. -|- Bowie on death, violence and chaos in his 1995 concept album Outside [-12:50-]
[3] CONTAMINATION

David Bowie Outside 1995
 Sons of the Silent Age  Photo shoot for the never realized Contamination.
Outside was just one of several albums, a set, that Bowie started to work on w/ Brian Eno. The next one was to be Contamination, peopled w/ "17th century" characters. The day after Bowie's death, Eno recalled: "About a year ago [David and I] started talking about Outside – the last album we worked on together. We both liked that album a lot and felt that it had fallen through the cracks. We talked about revisiting it, taking it somewhere new. I was looking forward to that." -|- More
[4] OUTSIDE ALBUM

David Bowie Outside 1995
 Art Decade   "Dalí ... knew exactly what he was doing. He knew what all the objects meant.... The attitude that says the artist should paint only things the proletarian can understand, I think, is the most destructive thing possible." (1976)
-|- Producers - David Bowie, Brian Eno -|- David Richards (co-producer) -|- Mixing and additional treatments - David Richards, David Bowie -|- Mastering - David Richards, Kevin Metcalfe -|- Assistant Engineers: Ben Fenner, Andy Grassi, Jon Goldberger, Domonik Tarqua -|- Album Design & Image Manipulation - Denovo -|- Photography - John Scarisbrick -|- Stylist - Jennifer Elster -|- Recorded at Mountain Studios, Switzerland. -|- Mixed and Additional Treatments by David Ricahrds, Assisted by David Bowie. -|- Mastered by David Ricahrds and Kevin Metcalfe at The TownHouse Digital Mastering Studios, London. -|- The Leon Suites Complete 1994 [-1:11:14-]
[5] MUSICIANS

David Bowie Outside 1995
 Joe the Lion  Detective Adler sums up his latest assignment: "Art's a farmyard. It's my job to pick thru the manure heap looking for peppercorns."
-|- David Bowie - vocals, saxophone, guitar, keyboards -|- Brian Eno - synthesizers, treatments, strategies -|- Reeves Gabrels - guitar -|- Erdal Kızılçay - bass, keyboards -|- Mike Garson - grand piano -|- Sterling Campbell - drums

David Bowie Outside 1995
 Weeping Wall   -|- David Bowie: vocals, saxophone, guitar, keyboards -|- Brian Eno: synthesizers, treatments, strategies -|- Reeves Gabrels: guitar -|- Erdal Kizilcay: bass & keyboards -|- Mike Garson: grand piano -|- Sterling Campbell: drums -|- Carlos Alomar: rhythm guitar -|- Yossi Fine: bass -|- Joey Baron: drums
class="red">-|-
Carlos Alomar - rhythm guitar -|- Joey Baron - drums -|- Yossi Fine - bass -|- Tom Frish - additional guitar on "Strangers When We Meet" -|- Kevin Armstrong - additional guitar on "Thru' These Architects Eyes" -|- Bryony, Lola, Josey and Ruby Edwards - background vocals on "The Hearts Filthy Lesson" and "I Am With Name" -|- Listen to full album online [-6:22:01-]

David Bowie Outside 1995
 Mass Production  Detail of Outside Tour poster by Rex Ray.
[6] OUTTAKES Includes, among others, Enemy is Fragile - I'd Rather Be Chrome - Dead Men Don't Talk - Inside the Motel - Baby Fingers - I Am W/ Name Hide Me We Creep Together Part 1 - Hide Me We Creep Together Part 2 - The First Time - Hello Leon - OK Riot. -|- Leon - The Outside Outtakes - 2016 edit [-1:09:45-]
[7] TOUR On the Outside tour, Bowie and his band would come onstage while opening act Nine Inch Nails was finishing, and both bands performed "Subterraneans", "Hallo Spaceboy" and Scary Monsters",

David Bowie Outside 1995
 Holy Holy  "The other month I went down to South Africa for the first time. Some of the vibrancy in the art there is not dissimilar. It's the idea of non-judgement, the idea of using loud, simple coloration. There's no idea of it being vulgar. There's no thought of taste. Taste is the killer of all art [laughs]."
followed by 2 NIN songs ("Reptile" and "Hurt"), after which NIN decamped and Bowie's set proceeded. -|- David Bowie + Nine Inch Nails - Dissonance Live 1995 (HD) [-45:16-]
[Lyrics] LEON TAKES US OUTSIDE : Leon Blank Valentines Day - 25 - June - 16th - Wednesday - July 6th - 20 - 0 - 20 - 15 - Martin Luther King Day - June 18th - June 6th - Wednesday - August 18th - 9th - 1999 - 12 - Nicholas - August - Wednesday - 13th - Sunday - 5th - March - October - January - October 13th - Wednesday - Martin Luther King Day - Afternoon - In view of nothing - 20 - 0 - 1 - Late winter - Martin Luther King Day - 12 - 16 - August - Wednesday - 13th - Friday - 7 - June.

David Bowie Outside 1995
 Over the Wall We Go  A diary Bowie kept during a two-week span had proven boring enough that he chucked the whole thing and wrote another kind of diary, using it as the basis of an album w/ Eno.
-|- Leon Takes Us Outside / Micah P. Hinson - The Dreams You Left Behind [-4:51-]
[Lyrics] OUTSIDE : Prologue Now. Not tomorrow. Yesterday, not tomorrow. It happens today, the damage today. They fall on today - they beat on the outside, and I'll stand by you. - Now. Not tomorrow. It's happening now, not tomorrow. It's happening now. The crazed in the hot-zone. The mental and diva's hands. The fisting of life to the music outside, to the music outside. It happens outside, the music is outside.

David Bowie Outside 1995
 Time  Asked what was the heart's filthy lesson Bowie answered "that you die."
It's happening outside, the music is outside. It's happening now, not tomorrow. Yesterday. Not tomorrow. The music is outside. It's happening outside. The music is outside. Outside. -|- Reddit - Official Album Discussion #25 - 1.Outside 1995



David Bowie Outside 1995
 Red Money  - Baby Grace Blue seeps in the "... nasty-neon of NY night."
[Lyrics] THE HEART'S FILTHY LESSON : Detective Nathan Adler (Heart's filthy lesson) There's always the Diamond friendly, sitting in the Laugh Motel. The Heart's filthy lesson, with her hundred miles to hell. Oh, Ramona, if there was only something btw. us, other than our clothes. Something in our skies. Something in our blood. Paddy, Paddy, who's been wearing Miranda's clothes? It's the Heart's filthy lesson - falls upon deaf ears. (Heart's filthy lesson) Falls upon deaf ears. (Heart's filthy lesson) Oh Ramona, if there was only some kind of future. And these cerulean skies: Something in our skies - Something in our blood. Paddy, Paddy? Paddy, oh Paddy, I think I've lost my way. (Heart's filthy lesson) I'm already five years older I'm already in my grave. (Heart's filthy lesson) Will you carry me? Oh Paddy, I think I've lost my way. Paddy, what a fantastic death abyss. (Heart's filthy lesson) It's the Heart's filthy lesson. Tell the others. -|- The Heart's Filthy Lesson - David Letterman Show 1995 [-5:03-]
[Lyrics] A SMALL PLOT OF LAND : Citizens of Oxford Town

David Bowie Outside 1995
 Watch That Man ... and a humbug bunch of packet-sniffers they are now ...
Poor soul. Spit upon that. Poor soul, he never knew what hit him - and it hit him so. Poor dunce. He pushed back the pigmen. The Barbs laughed - the fool is dead. Poor dunce. - He's less than within us. The brains talk but the will to live is dead. And prayer can't travel so far these days. The talk of your life , standing so near - to innocent eyes. Poor dunce. Swings thru the tunnels and claws his way. Is small life so manic? Are these really the days. Poor dunce, poor soul. -|- A Small Plot of Land - Live Wembley 11-15-1995 [-6:55-]

David Bowie Outside 1995
 Yassassin  ... young Korean artist ...
[Lyrics] (SEGUE) BABY GRACE (A HORRID CASSETTE) : Baby Grace Blue Test, testing, testing - This, hmmm, Grace is my name - And and I was...um... - It was that photo... a fading photograph of a patch..., a patchwork quilt. - And they've put me on these ... - Ramona put me on these interest drugs - So I'm thinking very too bit too fast like a brain hatch - And ah they won't let me see anybody - If I want to sometimes ... and I ask - I can still hear some pop...popular musics and aftershocks. (Ahhh-choo) See I've been watching a television of um... in the homelands - That's the new homelands and um that's all I can remember - And now they just want me to be quiet - And I think something is going to be horrid. -|- (Segue) Baby Grace (A Horrid Cassette) - By bowiechick [-1:30-]

David Bowie Outside 1995
 Untitled No. 1  - Nicolas Serota, director of Arts Protectorate of London. The name echoes director of the Tate Sir Nicholas Serota.
[Lyrics] HALLO SPACEBOY : Paddy (Hallo) Spaceboy - you're sleepy now - Your silhouette is so stationary - You're released but your custody calls - And I want to be free - Don't you want to be free - Do you like girls or boys - It's confusing these days - But Moondust will cover you - Cover you - This chaos is killing me - So bye bye love - Yeah bye bye love - Bye bye love - Yeah bye bye love - This chaos is killing me - And the chaos is calling me - Yeah bye bye love - Yeah bye bye love - Bye bye love - Good time love - Be sweet sweet dove - Bye bye spaceboy - Bye bye love. -|- Hallo Spaceboy - Brit Awards '96 w/ Pet Shop Boys [-2:47-]

David Bowie Outside 1995
 Life On Mars?  ... the sky is made of chrome ...
[Lyrics] THE MOTEL : Leon Blank For we're living in a safety zone don't be holding back from me. We're living from hour to hour down here and we'll take it when we can. It's a kind of living which recognises the death of the odourless man. When nothing is vanity nothing's too slow. It's not Eden but it's no sham. There is no hell there is no shame. There is no hell like an old hell. There is no hell and it's lights up, boys. Lights up boys. Explosion falls upon deaf ears while we're swimming in a sea of sham. Living in the shadow of vanity - a complex fashion for a simple man. And there is no hell and there is no shame and there is no hell like an old hell. There is no hell and the silence flies on its brief flight. A razor sharp crap shoot affair and we light up our lives. And there's no more of me exploding you. Re-exposing you. Like everybody do. Re-exploding you. I don't know what to use. Make somebody move. Me exploding. Me exploding you. -|-The Motel - Live Rotterdam 2003 - A Reality Tour [-6:07-]

David Bowie Outside 1995
 Cracked Actor  Algeria Touchshriek - Male. Caucasian - 78 years - Owner of small establishment on Rail Yard - Oxford Town, NJ - Deals in art-drugs and DNA prints - Fence for all apparitions of any medium - Harmless, lonely. ...
[Lyrics] I HAVE NOT BEEN TO OXFORD TOWN : Leon Blank Blue Baby Grace is the victim, she was 14 years of age. And the wheels are turning, turning, for the finger points at me. All's well but I have not been to Oxford Town - all's well no I have not been to Oxford Town. Toll the bell pay the private eye. All's well - 20th century dies. And the prison priests are decent, my attorney seems sincere. I fear my days are numbered - Lord get me out of here. All's well but I have not been to Oxford Town - all's well but I have not been to Oxford Town. This is your shadow on my wall. This is my flesh and blood. This is what I could've been. And the wheels are turning and turning, as the 20th century dies. If I had not ripped the fabric, if time had not stood still, if I had not met Ramona, if I'd only paid my bill. All's well but I have not been to Oxford Town - all's well but I have not been to Oxford Town. This is my bunk with two sheets, this is my food though foul, this is what I could have been. -|- I Have Not Been To Oxford Town - Audience-recording - NEC Birmingham 12-13-1995 [-4:23-]

David Bowie Outside 1995
 Dum Dum Boys  ... Leon Blank : Male - Mixed race - 22 years - Outsider - Three convictions for petty theft, appropriation with plagiarism without license. ...
[Lyrics] NO CONTROL : Detective Nathan Adler Stay away from the future, back away from the light, it's all deranged - no control. Sit tight in your corner, don't tell God your plans, it's all deranged - no control. If I could control tomorrow's haze, the darkened shore wouldn't bother me. If I can't control the web we weave, my life will be lost in the fallen leaves. Every single move's uncertain, don't tell God your plans, it's all deranged - no control. I should live my life on bended knee if I can't control my destiny. You've gotta have a scheme, you've gotta have a plan, in the world of today, for tomorrow's man. No control. Stay away from the future, don't tell God your plans, it's all deranged - no control. Forbidden words, deafen me in memory - no control. See how far a sinful man burns his tracks, his bloody robes. -|- No Control 1995 [-4:12-]

David Bowie Outside 1995
 Criminal World  Detective Professor Adler, small-fry at Art-Crime Inc.
[Lyrics] (SEGUE) ALGERIA TOUCHSHRIEK : Algeria Touchshriek My name is Mr. Touchshriek, of Touchshriek, with mail over and fantasy. My shop sells egg shells off the shesores and empty females. I'm thinking of leasing the room above my shop to a Mr. Walloff Domburg - a reject from the world wide Internet. He's a broken man; I'm also a broken man. It would be nice to have company. We could have great conversations. Looking through windows for demons, and watching the young advance in - all electric. Some of the houses around here still have inhabitants in them. I'm not sure if they're from this country or not. I don't get to speak much to anyone or that sort of thing. If I had another broken name - oh, I dream of something like that. -|- (Segue) Algeria Touchshriek - Matt Chamberlain as Algeria Touchshriek 1-18-2016 [-3:56-]

David Bowie Outside 1995
 Bleed Like a Craze, Dad   "[Brian and I] were both interested in nibbling at the periphery of the mainstream rather than jumping in. We sent each other long manifestoes about what was missing in music and what we should be doing. We decided to really experiment and go into the studio with not even a gnat of an idea."
[Lyrics] THE VOYEUR OF UTTER DESTRUCTION (AS BEAUTY) : Artist / Minotaur I shake - at the mother's brutal vermin. I shake - and stare at the watery moon. With the same desire, as the sober Philistine. And I shake (turn and turn again) worm, the pain and blade - turn and turn again. The screw is a tightening atrocity - I shake. For the reeking flesh os as romantic as hell. The need to have seen it all: the voyeur of utter destruction - as beauty. I shake - turn and turn again - I shake - turn and turn again - I shake. Research has pierced all extremes of my sex. Call it a day - call it a day. Needle point life blinds the will to be next - call it a day. Today. -|-The Voyeur of Utter Destruction (as Beauty) - Live Loreley 1996 HQ [-50:40-]

David Bowie Outside 1995
 Queen Bitch  ... Ramona A. Stone : Female - Caucasian - Mid-40s - Assertive maintenance interest-drug dealer and Tyrannical Futurist - No convictions. ...
[Lyrics] (SEGUE) RAMONA A. STONE / I AM WITH NAME : Ramona A. Stone + her Acolytes I was Ramona A. Stone. I started with no enemies of my own. I was an artiste in a tunnel. But I've been having a mid-life crisis, and I've been dreaming in a sleep. And ape men with metal parts, I've spat upon deeply felt age. I've hid my hearts in, and I hate the funny colored english. We'll creep together you and I, for I know who the small friends are. I am with name, I am with name, I am Ramona A Stone. A night fear female. Good timing drone. I am with name, I am with name, I am Ramona A Stone. (She should say: twitch & stream - it'll end in chrome - night of the female - good time drone.) A person who loses a name, feels anxiety descending. Left at the crossroads, btw. the centuries - a millenium fetish. (Give it to me one more time!) Anxiety descending. -|- Ramona A. Stone - Fluxus open [-4:07-]

David Bowie Outside 1995
 The Width of a Circle  "The narrative and the stories are not the content — the content is the spaces in btw. the linear bits. The queasy, strange, textures."
[Lyrics] WISHFUL BEGINNINGS : Artist / Minotaur Cruising around me - the flames burn my body. Wishful beginnings - does this remind them again and again? You're a sorry little girl. You're a sorry little girl. Please hide - for the pain must feel like snow. You're a sorry little girl. Sorry, little girl. Please hide from the kiss and the bite - shame burns. Breathing in, breathing out. Breathing in only doubt - the pain must feel like snow. I'm no longer your golden boy. Sorry little girl, I'm sorry little girl. The pain must feel like snow, there you go. Cover me, cover me. We flew on the wings. We were deep in the dead air, and this one will never go down. We had such wishful beginnings, but we lived unbearable lives. I'm sorry little girl. Sorry, little girl. So so sorry little girl. The pain must feel like snow. There you go, there you go. -|- Wishful Beginnings (a Bowie a day) 2016 [-6:33-]

David Bowie Outside 1995
 Across the Universe   ... a mumble slouch unreal ...
[Lyrics] WE PRICK YOU : Members of the Court of Justice White boys falling on the fires of night (I wish you'd tell). Flesh punks burning in their glue. Revolution comes in the strangest way (I wish you'd tell). I'd rather be inside you. Tell the truth - we prick you. (You show respect even if you disagree - you show respect.) Mama can I kiss you daddy can I ***you (We wish you well). Innocence passed me by. Wanna be screwing when the nightmare comes (I wish you well). Wanna come quick and die. All the little rose-kissed foxy girls - shoes, shoes, little white shoes; where have all the flowers gone? All the little fragile champion boys - toys, toys, little black toys; dripping on the end of a gun (Even if you disagree). -|- We Prick You - Unreleased version 1995 [-4:14-]

David Bowie Outside 1995
 Lightning Frightening  ... it's not Eden but it's no sham ...
[Lyrics] (SEGUE) NATHAN ADLER : Detective Nathan Adler Old Touchschriek was the main nameserver. Suspected of being a shoulder surfer, but he didn't know from shit about challenge response systems. Now Ramona A Stone we know was selling interest drugs. She got males all hung up on her mind filters. She was if you don't mind me saying so an update demon. Now Leon, he couldn't wait for 12 o'clock midnight. He jumps up on the stage with a criss criss machete and slashes around cutting a zero on everything. I mean a zero - in the fabric of time itself. Was this a suspect? I says to myself - Woa! "Quelle courage!" - Oh wait, I'm getting ahead of myself. Let me take you back to when it all began– -|- David Bowie as Nathan Adler [-1:13-]

David Bowie Outside 1995
 Fame   -|- Lloyd's Building, London, 1978-86 - Richard Rogers Architects -|- Chapel of St Basil - University of St Thomas - Houston 2007 - Phillip Johnson
[Lyrics] I'M DERANGED : Artist / Minotaur Funny how secrets travel, I'd start to believe - if I were to bleed. Thin skies, the man chains his hands held high. Cruise me blond cruise me babe. A blond belief beyond beyond beyond. No return no return. I'm deranged. Deranged, my love. I'm deranged down down down. So cruise me babe cruise me baby. And the rain sets in, it's the angel-man - I'm deranged. Cruise me cruise me cruise me babe. The clutch of life and the fist of love - oer your head - big deal Salaam. Be real deranged Salaam, before we reel. I'm deranged. -|- I'm Deranged - Outside mix version [-5:18-]

David Bowie Outside 1995
 Sense of Doubt  ... a dark spirited pluralist ...
[Lyrics] THRU THESE ARTHITECTS EYES : Leon Blank Stomping along on this big Phillip Johnson, is delay just wasting my time? Looking across at Richard Rogers, scheming dreams to blow both their minds. It's difficult you see, to give up baby, to leave a job, when you know you know the money's from day to day. All the majesty of a city landscape. All the soaring days in our lives. All the concrete dreams in my mind's eye. All the joy I see thru these architects eyes. Cold winter bleeds on the girders of Babel. This stone boy watching the crawling land. Rings of flesh and the towers of iron. The steaming caves and the rocks and the sand. Stomping along on this big Phillip Johnson, is delay just wasting my time? It's difficult you see to give up baby, these summer scumholes, this goddamned starving life. -|- Thru These Architects Eyes - By Anna Dennis [-4:11-]

David Bowie Outside 1995
 Station to Station  "It's like a painter repeating significant motifs in his own work, creating a personal vocabulary. I now have my own currency, 24 albums' worth."
[Lyrics] (SEGUE) NATHAN ADLER : Detective Nathan Adler

David Bowie Outside 1995
 Future Legend  Four years later Bowie was turned into Boz, a game character in the video game Omikron: The Nomad Soul.
[Lyrics] STRANGERS WHEN WE MEET : Leon Blank All our friends now seem so thin and frail. Slinky secrets - hotter than the sun. No peachy prayers, no trendy rechauffé. I'm with you, so I can't go on. All my violence raining tears upon the sheet. I'm bewildered for we're strangers when we meet. Blank screen TV, preening ourselves in the snow. Forget my name, but I'm over you. Blended sunrise, and it's a dying world. Humming Rheingold, we scavenge up our clothes. All my violence raining tears upon the sheet. I'm resentful ror we're strangers when we meet. Cold tired fingers, tapping out your memories. Halfway sadness, dazzled by the new. Your embrace was all that I feared. That whirling room, we trade by vendu. Steely resolve is falling from me. My poor soul, all bruised passivity. All your regrets ride rough-shod over me. I'm so glad that we're strangers when we meet. I'm so thankful that we're strangers when we meet. I'm in clover for we're strangers when we meet. Heel head over, but we're strangers when we meet. -|- Strangers When We Meet - Top of the Pops 1995 [-4:03-]

David Bowie Outside 1995
 Andy Warhol  - Post Outside, Bowie jumped in to play the pop artist in 1995's Basquiat.
[27] CREDITS
Based on reports from, among others, Nick DeRiso, David Fricke, Kev Geoghegan, Paul Gorman, Edna Gundersen, Larry Katz, Peter–R. Koenig, George A. Paul, Chris Roberts, Emma Saunders, Steele Savage, and Internet searches. Thank you bowiesongs, The National, Jason Lundberg, One Half of the Bowlettes, lo-fi noise makers, wn, john b, Mauro B. C., sonyakossta, Timetakesafag, SenseOfDoubt1, bowiechick, Beco2103, theMusicofmyLife1, BOWIElover,

David Bowie Outside 1995
 Be My Wife  Iman and Bowie by Bruce Weber – Vogue April 1995.
Jorge Gago Lopez, Matt Chamberlain, joymarr, KyOdar, BlueM2012, Halloweenjack84, Anna Dennis, david bowie tin machine.


[28]
POSTSCRIPT
David Robert Jones aka David Bowie died from liver cancer two days after his 69th birthday, on January 9 2016. His ashes were scattered on the island of Bali, in a Buddhist ceremony. He left behind his wife Iman Muhammid Abdulmadjid, teenage daughter Alexandria, adult son Duncan Jones, Duncan's ex-nanny Marion Skene, and long-time personal assistant, Corinne Coco Schwab.








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PIXELS Tea Rose #3

Francisco Mattos





Francisco Mattos

 BITTERS



Climate Strike 2019 Students walk out of class in worldwide protest.

Francisco Mattos




Mural Day 2016 Sixteen panels from an anonymous wall mural, on Mission and 18th in San Francisco, May 1.

Francisco Mattos


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Francisco Mattos

  MONSTER MASH 



Seed|
The Invisible Man

“… a few murders here and there.” This seminal tale of a quest begins have a terrible side-effect of an experiment gone wrong turns a scientist invisible; he is now obsessed to find a cure. Traveling incognito under piles of clothing, his head swathed in bandages, wide-brimmed hat, wearing a pair of driving goggles, he takes up room and board in the village of Iping, slowly turning homicidal due to his desperation. Claude Rains is Griffin, the Invisible Man. Gloria Stuart is his fiancee, E.E. Clive the constable, Una O'Connor the innkeeper. Watch full movie.



Sequel|
The Invisible Man Returns

“I can’t find peace in the underworld.” The scientist-brother of the Invisible Man, using his notebooks, re-creates the formula and uses it to set a condemned man free to pursue the real killer. Vincent Price is the voice of the second Invisible Man, not visible until the final scene. With Sir Cedric Hardwicke, Alan Napier, Nan Grey. Watch full movie..



Screwball|
The Invisible Woman

“I’m nothin’ but a nothin’.” This time around it's a woman who gets the invisibility diet when she answers an ad and becomes a volunteer: Bombarbed by a light ray, she becomes invisible. When word gets out Blackie and his gang become interested and show up. Kitty Carroll is the Invisible Woman. With John Barrymore as the scientist who took out the ad, Oskar Homolka, Shemp Howard, Maria Montez, Anne Nagel. Watch full movie.



Spy|
Invisible Agent

“I can’t tell you people apart.” This time around the thieves are Axis agents under diplomatic cover in England. To thwart them, the grandson of the original Invisible Man absconds w/ the scientific notebooks and performs the experiment successfully on himself. He then parachutes into Berlin to bring the battle to their own doorstep. Jon Hall is the anti-axis agent who turns invisible. With Peter Lorre, Sir Cedric Hardwicke, Albert Basserman, Ilona Massey, J. Edward Bromberg, Key Luke. Screenplay by Curt Siodmak. Watch full movie.



Scion|
The Invisible Man's Revenge

“Pioneers have always to contend w/ fools.” A high tale of ghoulish revenge meted out to a scientist who succeeded in stailizing the formula. Jon Hall returns again as the invisible one. Starring John Carradine as Doctor Drury, Gale Sondergaard, Lester Mathews, and Halliwell Hobbes. Read more.



?|
The Invisible Man

“A changed world w/ me as its guiding genius.” Cameo by Vincent Price as the Invisible Man, in the last reel of Abbot & Costello Meet Frankenstein (1948) and again in Abbott & Costello Meet Frankenstein (1951) all but cements cinematic life for this famous character. There is a 12-part serial detailing a rogue scientist's use of the formula to create an invisible army and become The Invisible Monster (1950), starring Lane Bradford, John Crawford, Richard Webb, Aline Towne, and George Meeker; Stanley Price is the Phantom Ruler. Soon afterwards there was a landing onto the streets of Santa Monica by the Phantom from Space (1953), shedding his spacesuit and revealing a terrifying condition. He wasn't the only one. Robby the Robot landed to save the Earth w/ help from The Invisible Boy (1957). A murder in New Orleans uncorks the music and brings out the Invisible Avenger (1958), a b-&-w co-directed by James Wong Howe. Over seas, the Japanese Invisible Man had adventures in Tomei ningen to hae otoko (1957) and Oh! Toumei ningen (2010). Closer to home, wraithlike beings living on the Moon rain annihilation on their innocent host as the Invisible Invaders (1959). Experimenting w/ the formula to create a zombie is The Amazing Transparent Man (1960), directed by Edgar G. Ulmer. Wishing to steal it is the evil mastermind The Invisible Dr Mabuse (1962). An imperceptible creature capable of following all his deadly demands is Dr Orloff's Invisible Monster (1970). An Indian potion turns Dean Jones into a super hero known as Mr. Superinvisible (1970). Now You See Him, Now You Don't (1972) stars Kurt Russell, Cesar Romero, Jim Backus. A convicted strangler waiting his sentence in prison uses paranormal means to attain The Astral Factor (1978) wreaks vengence on those who convicted him, incl. Stefanie Powers and Sue Lyon. An employee at the State Department, The Man Who Wasn't There (1983), is chased by foreign agents after ingesting the formula. An episode from the compilation comedy Amazon Women on the Moon (1986) concerns the embarassing reveal of “Son of the Invisible Man.” The son of a poor scientist discovers the formula and becomes Mr India (1987) to save his country from a self-serving pompous fool. Abused teenage nerd discovers the formula and as The Invisible Kid (1988) embarks on payback. Nerdy-therefore-abused teenager discovers the formula and as The Invisible Kid (1988) seeks revenge. Lusty young scientist perfects the formula and becomes The Invisible Maniac (1990). Yuppie adapts to a new life and chronicles his Memoirs of an Invisible Man (1992) a film directed by John Carpenter w/ Chevy Chase, Daryl Hannah, Sam Neill. Lab experiment gone awry is related in Invisible: The Chronicles of Benjamin Knight (1993). Invisible Mom (1996) and Invisible Mom II (1996) concern the delightful consequences of drinking any fandangled cocktail your spouse might care to be mixing at the moment, which turns a happy home topsy-turvy. The formula poisons a volunteer scientist, and as the Hollow Man (2000) and Hollow Man II (2006) he becomes ethereal and an intangible menace. The Erotic Misadventures of the Invisible Man (2003) contains a litany of his racy antics. Donning a costume during Halloween turns a shy and unpopular thirteen-year-old into the unapparent and veiled Invisible Boy (2014). Using the formula for erotic pursuits is the reason for the mistitled Invisible Centerfolds (2015).



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Francisco Mattos

  GONE 


|2018
Francisco Mattos

National Museum of Brazil Fire gutted the Brazil's premier museum on September 2 2018. Perhaps tens of millions of art are no more. Less than zero is Luzia's 12,000-year-old skull, the oldest in the Americas, although the Bendego meteorite (above), the biggest found on Brazilian soil, seems to have survived. It is or was the second largest space rock ever found in the world, when a boy in Monte Santo, Bahia came across it in 1784. Believed lost was the 12,000-year-old skull of Luzia, the oldest in the Americas, and the Bendego meteorite, the biggest found on Brazilian soil, it was made of iron, and discovered in 1784 by a boy in Monte Santo, Bahia; at one point the second largest ever found on Earth. Eighty percent of the skull and most of the meteorite were later recovered, two of the rarest items survived. Gone are collections on paleontology, anthropology, archaeology, and indigenous Brazilian ethnology. A wing devoted to Ancient Egypt has vanished, so too has the Throne room. Gone are collections on paleontology, anthropology, archaeology, and indigenous Brazilian ethnology. A wing devoted to Ancient Egypt has vanished, so too the Throne Room.




|2011
Francisco Mattos

Natori Tidal wave generated out in the Pacific Ocean approaches Natori, a city located in Miyagi Prefecture, Japan, following the 2011 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami, January 2011. Video exists.




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Francisco Mattos

  ROBOT U  


•| 1964
1964 Worlds Fair

New York When the 1964 World's Fair opened w/ 80 nations, 24 US states, and 45 corporations participating, and 140 pavilions and 110 restaurants spread out at Flushing Meadows Park in Queens, NY. Tomorrow Land (top foto) was still standing in 1984.



•| 1956
Robby the Robot

Hollywood Rebuilt w/ spare parts, 25 year old Robby the Robot, a prop from "Forbidden Planet," resumed a spanking new existence.



•| 1947
Sabor V

Switzerland Photo of the Sabor IV, an animated robot by European builder August Huber. It has had four iterations since it was built in 1947 by August Huber in Europe. The current version is Sabor V, in the current care of electrical engineer Peter Steuer.



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-|  July 2019  |-




 WHAT HE SAID

Abraham Lincoln





Milky Way


 FINAL FRONTIER


   Sailors in the Sky

Heaven is fairly crowded these days, and space agencies on Earth race each other to get to choice spots first. From mapping the dark side of the moon to landing on an asteroid in the Kuiper Belt, space exploration proceeds tangentially.  ||  Spaceflight is space science concerned w/ ballistic flight into outer space, then through it. Early space agencies tackled this fundamental step, and today's spacecrafts are capable of space voyages and orbits of other space objects, and have hoisted 536 humans into space, twelve of whom walked on the Moon.  ||  Other spacecrafts, satellites that orbit worlds including ours, have reached critical mass and the smallsats get prefixes like mini-, micro-, nano-, and pico-.  ||  Joint plants to hoist a heavy telescope into orbit around the Earth which, in tandem w/ mobile systems roaming the star systems, promises insights to invent the future of space.

    °                     


Established in 1902, wholly owned by the government, the Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities develops and operates spaceflights, space science and a cosmonatuics program for the Russian Federation. It also arranges space tourism for fare-paying passengers to the International Space Station and, as of 2009, six have done so. A mission to Mars in 2012 failed, yet a robotic mission to visit a Martian moon is still in the works. In the future will be a spacecraft landing on Venus, and a Moon orbiter equipped w/ “penetrators.”


Headquartered in and around Moscow, the agency is successor to a space program that spanned 1931 to 1991, responsible for the first satellite, the first spacesuit, the first human spaceflight module, the first space rover, the first space station. In 1961, cosmonaut and pilot Yuri Gagarin became the first man in space. Two years later, cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman in space.



        ·                  ° 

Sustaining its fleet of aircraft at the end of World War II, in 1962 Canada became the third country to launch a satellite into space. In 1990, the government formed the Canadian Space Agency , reporting to the minister of innovation, science, and economic development, headquartered in Quebec, w/ a mission to apply space knowledge for the benefit of Canadians and humanity.


When three separate space companies merged in 2003 to form the Japan Aerospace Exploratory Agency , it brought under one roof expertise in x-ray astronomy, radio-astronomy, and the magnetosphere. In 2012 it became a part of government oversight and a program to militarize space. Famous for landing a probe in 2018 on an asteroid in the Kuiper Belt.

              .    °         


“… operational space application systems …”


Eastablished in 1975 and headquartered in Paris, the European Space Agency has 22 member states collaborating on space exploration projects, convened as a consequence of European scientist leaving after World War II, w/ a mission “to provide for, and to promote, for exclusively peaceful purposes, cooperation among the European States in space research and technology and their space applications, with a view to their being used for scientific purposes and for operational space applications systems.” The agency's major spaceport is in French Guiana, where it conducts human spaceflight, launches Earth observation satellites, and flies spacecraft to the beyond.

nauts

              ·          · 



In 1971, the United Kingdom became the sixth nation to launch a satellite, and by 1985, the British National Space Center. Replaced in 2010 by the UK Space Agency , and made an executive agency of the government, responsible for its civil space program, and its representative in all space negotiations. The agency is based in Wiltshire, in the former home of its predecessor. It is currently making plans for its first spaceport, and studying ways to clean-up space debris, an emerging field.

Formed in 2010 to be a government agency, the South African National Space Agency 's satellites monitor Africa for flooding, fires, and the environment, and hosts the only space weather regional warning center for the continent. It's mission is to nurture partnerships and promote industrial development of space, to stimulate interest in space science, to deliver space-related services and products to South Africa and the region.

                           


In 1969, the Indian Space Research Organization was created by the government, and headquartered in Bangalore. It is now the sixth largest space agency, developing and delivering satellite tools for home consumption, such as dedicated distance education, telemedicine, cartography, disaster management, weather forecasting, broadcasting.


Begun by the military in 1961, the space program in Brazil passed in civilian control in 1994, and became the Brazilian Space Agency , based in two locations: a spaceport and a rocket launch, which happens to be the closest to the equator of all launch bases, and the most ideal for a launch of a geosynchronous satellite.


    ·              ·         




China adminsters four departments handling all-things space: systems engineering, general planning, space science, and foreign affairs. Together they oversee space and lunar exploration programs. They do so at the behest of the eighth national people’s congress, which established a commission of science, technology and industry for national defense, and formed the China National Space Administration in 1993, headquartered in Beijing, to develop a national space program.


The agency runs this program as a national industry having its own policy and enforcement rules, and has sent eleven of its citizens, taikonauts, into space. Its logo depicts a human surrounded by escape velocity thresholds yet standing above these rings, to emphasize humanity's capability to explore.


        ·          ·         



In 1907, Germany was interested enough in space to set up an aerodynamic experimental station. It soon had company, among them a society, an association, an institution, and a consortium. Their effort coalesced in 1997 to become a government entity responsible for matters pertaining to energies, transportation, as well as their roles in aerospace, the German Aerospace Center , headquartered in Cologne, w/ fourteen satellite facilities working on the use of hydrogen as an energy carrier, building a suborbital spaceplane, and doing research into traffic congestion as well as research on emissions, among other projects.

France's space agency, founded in 1961 as "a public administration w/ industrial and commerical purpose," the National Centre for Space Studies is headquarterd in Paris, and reports to the ministries of defence and research. A participant in search-&-rescue missions, it is currently planning a trip to Venus, and is a pioneer in space medicine when the first French astronaut, Jean-Loup Chrétien, came home in 1982. It is the third space agency to go into space, w/ a mission to secure and defend, and to transpose civilization to space. The go-to space agency for all things UFO, w/ a collection going back to 1954.

  ·          .    ·           



The Italian Space Agency, founded in 1988 and headquartered in Rome, was one of the earliest countries to do research on rocketry and space propulsion. In 1914, a paper to achieve this was published by Giulio Costanzi, and the race to space was on. If you want to know about gamma rays, go to Italy, a founder of the precursor to the European Space Agency, w/ plans for a future spaceport.


Established in 1991 to report to the minstry of education, the Romanian Space Agency coordinates the natinonal space technology research program and related activities, incl. the promotion of space science in schools. There is a heritage in Romania of firms specializing in flight and its pedigree is impressive. Hermann Oberth is one of the founding fathers of rocketry, and the pioneer of rocket propulsion, Conrad Haas, who wrote: “But my advice is for more peace and no war, leaving the rifles calmly in storage, so the bullet is not fired, the gunpowder is not burned or wet, so the prince keeps his money, the arsenal master his life; that is the advice Conrad Haas gives.” Conrad Haas was born in 1509.

·                        · 



Established in 2002 as a national space program, the Algerian Space Agency oversees four operations: techniques, applications, satellites, telecommunications, and brings space technologies to any discussions on sustainable development in Africa, which it monitors for natural disasters.


Having interest in space since the 1960s, legislation to create a Philippine Space Agency has support w/ the government, already partnering w/ other Asian countries to launch a 50-microsatellite network, and space science promoted in classrooms.

                          . 

In 1946, the government set up a national advisory committee for aeronautics to observe rocket experiments, which eventually became rocket-powered aircraft programs, then manned spacecraft programs. Formed in 1958 by the US federal government, NASA, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration is an independent entity responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research. This was followed by a two-man spacecraft module program, which led NASA to become the first space agency to land a man, Neil Armstrong, on the Moon, in 1969. To prepare Armstrong and the other eleven who landed on the Moon, a ten-mission pre-event, beginning in 1962, had two-man spacecrafts orbiting the Earth and engaging in extravehicular activities such as space docking and space rendezvous. Just as important, it conducted observations to gather medical data on the prolonged effects of weightless on humans (fourteen days).

Data from its triumphal Moon mission took on the need for a laboratory in space, and by 1965 Skylab was in orbit. The heavy milestone was acheiving low Earth orbit, one that occurs every 90 hours, through the lives of fourteen astronauts. NASA has 166 manned space missions under its belt, and in 2018 it launched a survey satellite to transit exoplanets, worlds circling other stars, and will send a robotic spacecraft to probe the outer corona of the Sun. Missions are planned to Mars and Europa, a flyby of a Kuiper Belt object, samplings from a future asteroid landing, even one or two space telescopes. A directive back in 2017 tasked NASA w/ taking humans near to or else onto the surface of mars by 2033.

iss


In 1998, five agencies from Canada, Europe, Japan, Russia, and the United States, came together to launch the International Space Station, w/ an agreement to maintain long-term international co-operation, “on the basis of genuine partnership,” and to build a manned station in outer space capable of personnel housing “for peacful purposes.” Scheduled rendezvous are performed for crew rotation and to replenish supplies. 2018 marks 20 years since the Zarya module lifted off from Kazakhstan, inaugurating a milestone of cooperation in space.

There are 58 space agencies, three on the equator. Expect three more from Australia, Sri Lanka, and Philippines. They send up satellites, conduct human spaceflight, and launch extraterrestrial spacecrafts. Since 1958, the United Nations has maintained an office of outer space affairs in Vienna, tasked w/ a mandate to promote peaceful uses of outer space.



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 RETURN TO REASON



Virginia Woolf

A Haunted House

-by Virginia Woolf-

Whatever hour you woke there was a door shutting. From room to room they went, hand in hand, lifting here, opening there, making sure — a ghostly couple.

“Here we left it,” she said. And he added, “Oh, but here too!” “It’s upstairs,” she murmured. “And in the garden,” he whispered. “Quietly,” they said, “or we shall wake them.”

But it wasn’t that you woke us. Oh, no. “They’re looking for it; they’re drawing the curtain,” one might say, and so read on a page or two. “Now they’ve found it,” one would be certain, stopping the pencil on the margin. And then, tired of reading, one might rise and see for oneself, the hosue all empty, the doors standing open, only the wood pigeons bubbling with content and the hum of the threshing machine sounding from the farm. “What did I come in here for? What did I want to find?” My hands were empty. “Perhaps it’s upstairs then?” The apples were in the loft. And so down again, the garden still as ever, only the book had slipped into the grass.

But they had found it in the drawing-room. Not that one could ever see them. The window panes reflected apples, reflected roses; all the leaves were green in the glass. If they moved in the drawing-room, the apple only turned its yellow side. Yet, the moment after, if the door was opened, spread about the floor, hung upon the walls, pendant from the ceiling — what? My hands were empty. The shadow of a thrush crossed the carpet; from the deepest wells of silence the wood pigeon drew its bubble of sound. “Safe, safe, safe,” the pulse of the house beat softly. “The treasure buried; the room …” the pulse stopped short. Oh, was that the buried treasure?

A moment later the light had faded. Out in the garden then? But the trees spun darkness for a wandering beam of sun. So fine, so rare, cooly sunk beneath the surface the beam I sought always burnt behind the glass. Death was the glass; death was between us; coming to the woman first, hundreds of years ago, leaving the house, sealing all the windows; the rooms were darkened. He left it, left her, went North, went East, saw the stars turned in the Southern sky; sought the house, found it dropped beneath the Downs. “Safe, safe, safe,” the pulse of the house beat gladly. “The treasure yours.”

The wind roars up the avenue. Trees stoop and bend this way and that. Moonbeams splash and spill wildly in the rain. But the beam of the lamp falls straight from the window. The candle burns stiff and still. Wandering though the house, opening the windows, whispering not to wake us, the ghostly couple seek their joy.

“Here we slept,” she says. And he adds, “Kisses without number.” “Waking in the morning—” “Silver between the trees—” “Upstairs—” “In the garden—” “When summer came—” “In the winter snowtime—” The doors go shutting far in the distance, gently knocking like the pulse of a heart.

Nearer they come; cease at the doorway. The wind falls, the rain slides silver down the glass. Our eyes darken; we hear no steps beside us; we see no lady spread her ghostly cloak. His hands shield the lantern. “Look,” he breathes. “Sound asleep. Love upon their lips.”

Stooping, holding their silver lamp above us, long they look and deeply. Long they pause. The wind drives straightly; the flame stoops slightly. Wild beams of moonlight cross both floor and wall, and, meeting, stain the faces bent; the faces pondering; the faces that search the sleepers and seek their hidden joy.

“Safe, safe, safe,” the heart of the house beats proudly. “Long years—” he sighs. “Again you found me.” “Here,” she murmurs, “sleeping; in the garden reading; laughing, rolling apples in the loft. Here we left our treasure—”  Stooping, their light lifts the lids upon my eyes. “Safe! safe! safe!” the pulse of the house beats widly. Waking, I cry “Oh, is this your buried treasure? The light in the heart.”  [1921]



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 WHAT HE SAID

James Garfield

James Garfield









  ROMANCE COMICS


      I Love Lois

Lois Lane

Working nine to five as a reporter for a city daily must not leave time to do much else. As a single female working and living alone in Metropolis, how do you find balance in your life?

Lois Lane, Clark Kent and Superman are the creations of writer Jerry Siegel and artist Joe Shuster, two Cleveland teenagers nurturing keen tastes and quick psyches, who combined complementary skills to make manifest their dream of another world. They invented a city of skyscrapers where an otherworldly creature lives and makes its living as a newspaperman, while wooing a wonderful woman, and using as his secret identity a coward’s persona. Overnight their comics become a bestseller, starring the Man of Tomorrow opposite Lois Lane.





FUNNIES FAN

Clark perusing the funny pages when Lois gets inquisitive.

[-1942-] “I didn’t realize you were a comic strip fan! ” “Avid is the word for it! Gosh, take this Detective Craig strip, for example. I won't be able to sleep tonight, worrying whether or not Craig or Machine-Gun Mike is the one who will die.”





THE GOLDEN AGE  Lois Lane is already there when Clark Kent arrives on his first day at the Daily Planet, she’s working on a lonely hearts advice column. Clark, a seasoned reporter, gets called in to the editor‘s office and is assigned a new beat. In a supreme act of irony, he’s to cover someone who has been seen in Metropolis, looking to be a champion of the oppressed. Proximity to the vibrations of an unknown being notwithstanding, Lois soon slips into a vaudevillian vortex. Somehow a dastard is sure to create mayhem, usually a damsel-in-distress episode plays out, maybe an acrobatic act follows displays of unnatural skills, w/ a secret identity plot tying things up into a bow.

Page after page, the reader gets to know more about a super-being living in Metropolis, while he himself is getting to know more about Lois, pulling her into the maw of mayhem by his dada duels w/ super foes. Lois can’t see Clark for the super-simulacrum that he’s hiding behind, is drawn to Superman instead. Clark smiles and winks often at the reader, seemingly at ease w/ the imponderability of it all.


SURREAL LOIS

Trapped by the unreal villain Funnyface and transferred to the two-dimensional world.
Lois Lane
[-1942-] “Blast you, this is your fault! I’ll fix you for it!” “No! Let go!” “Ha-ha! My ray can also reverse the process! You’ll be punished by being transferred to a drawing on a piece of paper! Ha, ha, ha!”



Lois and Clark start dating right away, in the first comic book they go out on the town in evening dress. The next week she flies off on assignment to a foreign land and, due to misadventure, ends up blindfolded and standing in front of a firing squad. Back home again, Lois resorts to dropping a sleeping pill into Clark’s cocktail so as to chase a lead and beat him to a scoop. This brazen stunt backfires when she lands in trouble and, for the first time, falls out of a window.

But first, she hones in on Clark’s beat by looking up the Man of Mystery herself, trying to score an exclusive. Going to a traveling circus where he was performing for charity, an unexpected twist ensures she will not get her scoop. Their editor, Perry White, will sometimes send them out together, especially when murder has occurred. They’ve covered politics too, and, for the sake of filing a report, once took a cruise together. On these occasions, Lois often ends up solo because Clark can and will disappear at the first sign of trouble. One time this happened, she was tied down next to a table saw w/ the on switch deployed, too annoyed though not surprised w/ Clark to bother about her predicament.

Chastened to live another day, Lois expands her comfort zone, finding it in herself to bring comfort to a thawed caveman, out of time and gravely disoriented. She was one w/ her natural self another time when she ran around w/ a great ape. Through all this, Lois kept up her advice column, where once a grateful writer bequeathed a gold mine to here and which, sadly, she lost. She then plunged herself into a murky tale about a fifth columnist movement in Metropolis, wading into espionage, disinformation, and sabotage. Staff photographer Jimmy Olsen could, if prodded, fill in more details: Resorting to disguise in order to bring down a den of thieves, or committing crimes while hypnotized, or getting involved w/ murder when her fingerprints were found on the revolver, or being tied up w/ a bomb nearby (several times).


LOONEY LOIS

On a movie date, Lois and Clark watch an animated feature based on Superman and Lois Lane.
Lois Lane
[-1942-] First Imaginary Tale (top) "I don't believe I've ever seen those magazines!" (– "How they know so much about me is a puzzle. Perhaps they're clairvoyant! –") (bottom) “That’s I!” “So it is! Evidently the movie’s writers subscribe to the Daily Planet and are acquainted w/ your exploits!”

Around this time she meets Lex Luthor. Picking through the day’s press releases, Lois sees a tony and toothy one: Someone has called a gathering of the millionaires of Metropolis. Intrigued, Lois finds a way into the mansion and hides behind draperies. Eight men enter, followed by their host; Lois pulls out her notepad. Altogether, these men control railroads and airlines, real estate and financial firms. They’re involved in prohibition-era rackets, one has a publishing firm hawking inspirational books. Another runs a secret fascist cell, while the last to speak turns out to be a common man who had impersonated in order to give a rant on the wickedness of wealth; what happens to him is not shown on the next panel. All this Lois takes down, filling one comic page w/ nine speech balloons each of considerable length. Suddenly, Luthor appears w/ a weapon and knocks everyone, including Lois, out.

By 1943, budding popularity for her character propels Lois onto the cover w/ Superman, gasping as he goes head-to-head with crime’s comedy king, the Prankster. Lois is on the splash page too, because she has inadvertently stepped too close to a giant jack-in-the-box … a year later she lands her first series, LOIS LANE GIRL REPORTER, focusing on her exploits w/out Superman or Clark; it ran for thirteen issues.




♛  EPILOGUE   Looking back at the Golden Age (which took place on Earth-Two), it has come to light that the biography of Lois Lane, beginning from about 1948 on, has properly belonged to the Silver Age, and its revamped version of Lois.



NOIR LOIS

Clark and Lois are plunged into ink as they try to make sense of the silly supernatural tricks of Mr Mxyztplk, problem pixie from a daffy dimension. At high noon they’re in darkest shadows.
Lois Lane
[-1944-] “I’ve found a new place to go for lunch! You’ll like it!” “You’ve been wrong about everything else today – but I’ll take a chance!”

All along, readers had grown up w/ a Golden Age Lois, there was a Golden Age Clark; and Superman, too. It turns out there has been – and always has been – some other Lois, who lived on Earth-One, w/ another Clark and a different Superman.

In 1956, fan loyalty was rewarded when DC Comics put out the first issue of SUPERMAN’S GIRLFRIEND LOIS LANE. Once again, a new Lois Lane sprang forth, helping to usher in the Silver Age. She again came fully formed – and having a lived-in backstory. The first two tales, about a witch and a wig, look forward towards the experimental 1960s, when beauty was redefined, and backwards, w/ a ginned-up glance at the battle of the sexes, when it was still in black-&-white.

What is left of the original Lois are some stories about the Man of Steel in which she features prominently, where she proves herself an intellectual equal of a super-man. These historic events embark embryonically from the heartland of America during the onset of World War II. They then roam globally, and extra-globally, disembarking at an untested outpost – the Cold War.

Lois of Earth-Two became marooned until the DC universe took on a reimagination. By 1978, her story was once again rethreaded into the continuity. She had married Clark in the late 1950s, discovered he was Superman, went on to new adventures, even after their son was born, passing the mortal coil in 2005, in events occurring during the Infinite Crisis.




LINGERING LOIS


Clark escorts Lois through choppy times, sensitizing her to the expanding DC Universe and the truth of her origins.
Lois Lane
[-1958-] “What a day, Clark! Please – let‘s go somewhere we can relax!” “Sure, Lois. I know just the place!”







THE SILVER AGE  The winds of change began blowing in the mid-1950s, when DC Comics rehabilitated a dormant character from the past and introduced a new Flash, having a new backstory and wearing a different costume. Gradually, this new DC Universe folded outwards and divided into two.


LOPSIDED LOIS


Soon after Bizarro was introduced, a new Bizarro Lois was created , again fully formed, and prone to problems.
Lois Lane
[-1959-] “I know a perfect way to get rid of Superman’s imperfect double ... by using the Duplicator Machine again! Then I’ll wave a white flag!”



In 1956, a seminal tale had taken place on Earth-One. While Barry Allen was working late one stormy night, an accident sends a bolt of lightning crashing into the room, striking chemical vials filled w/ various liquids. Barry is knocked unconscious and falls to the floor. Lying in a suspicious-looking soup of laboratory liquids overnight, he undergoes a sea change. What had lain on the lab floor that October night was a police-lab scientist, what arose and got on its feet the next morning turned out to be an agile Adam – and harbinger of a new era. This refashioned Flash draws a chalk line at the starting point, resets the timer to zero, jumps into his costume and takes off. Soon enough he learns of the existence of Earth-Two, and visits w/ the original Flash, semi-retired but still contending w/ super-villains. Overnight, the aggregate number of super-beings doubled, then grew, as readers couldn‘t get enough.



LILTING LOIS

Lois Lane
[-1972-] “It’s a Bird ... it’s a Plane ... it’s Superman” is a Broadway musical, produced by HAROLD PRINCE in association w/ Ruth Mitchell. It starred Jack Cassidy, the music was by Charles Strouse w/ lyrics by Lee Adams, and based on a book by David Newman and Robert Denton.

The Lois of Earth-One lived a complicated existence, being routinely subjected to Imginary Tales of what-ifs that bedevil readers w/ known facts from familiar fantasy. This Lois had her own title, which ran for 137 issues, ending just in time to usher in the Bronze Age, and are known chiefly as having imparted a level of light-heartedness to her life.

In btw., Lois left her classic looks behind and is shown on a 1968 cover tearing down part of her own masthead containing the words "GIRL FRIEND", and throwing it to the ground. This was just one step less shocking than her get-up: knee-high go-go boots and a rocking Aquanet hairdo, declaring that she was through w/ the Man of Might. This fit of feminist zeal subsided, though, and the designation reappeared on the next cover. Lois Lane, born on Earth, had up until then led an unearthly existence, all because she chose to be near the one she loves, and do battle w/ battalions of babes intent on becoming the one to make children w/ the alien Adonis.

As our story begins, Lois is about thirty years old, w/ Clark two years older than that.


Action Comics №1
Champion of the Oppressed

[-1938-]   Lois Lane sprang into life fully formed, alongside the genesis story of Superman. On his first day at the Daily Planet, Clark Kent knows he is smitten w/ her, and actively pursues Lois.


CHAMPION CLARK


Where Clark stashes his suit is a constant guessing game for the reader.
Lois Lane
[-1938-] “It might be a good idea if I were seen hereabouts in my identity as Clark Kent … so the question won’t arise as to how I got my facts…” “Clark! So here you are!” “Been looking for me, Lois?”

When Clark is assigned to cover a mystery man showing remarkable potential, Lois is intrigued and goes on a first date to find out more. Twirling about the dance floor, he asks pointedly, “Why is it you always avoid me at the office?” “Please Clark! I’ve been scribbling sob stories all day long. Don’t ask me to dish out another.” All the while she’s acting bored and staring off into space, when her eyes happen to lock onto Butch, who’s been staring at her for quite some time.

Seeing his move Butch cuts in, then things turn ugly, and Lois gets an inkling that Clark may not be a man’s man. When Butch facepalms her date she storms out and calls Clark, for the very first time, “… a spineless, unbearable coward!”, and is later rescued by you-know-who. Catching up w/ the car that has just abducted her, Superman upturns the vehicle and catches Lois, for the very first time, as she spills out of the backseat window. What he does next w/ the car is famously depicted on the iconic first front cover. Turning his attention back to Lois, she backs away in mild terror until he says, “You needn’t be afraid of me. I won’t harm you.”


DICK CLARK


Sent out west on assignment, Clark ends up sheriff of a small town and instrumental in arresting an outlaw gang.
Lois Lane
[-1947-] “I heard that! I’ll fall off purposely, before onlookers begin suspecting that I am the secret identity of Superman!



Transfixed, she lets the strapping stranger scoop her up into his arms and, leaping high, carries her away. This winning formula provided years of creative chaos as the three characters circled each other round and round.

Thus ends the first tale of Lois Lane’s life, and the beginning of her startling adventures to document the existence of this mental marvel and physical wonder, devoted to daring deeds that will reshape the destiny of a world.





Lois Lane №17
The Daily Planet

[-1960 - An Untold Story + Demand Classic-]   Every year on the anniversary of her first day, Perry White has thrown an office party to celebrate. Then one time he became sentimental, and opened up. “... When Lois first asked me for a job, I told her I would hire her if she brought me three scoops in three days! She did it ... w/out Superman’s help!”


LODESTONE LOIS


Lois is sent out on assignment, to see if she has what it takes to bring in a scoop.
Lois Lane
[-1960-] “Drat! A flat tire! And the spare is flat, too! Well, I can hike to Professor Thorne’s diggings from here! I must have the third scoop this third day to win my job w/ Perry White!”

When Clark is assigned to cover a mystery man showing remarkable potential, Lois is intrigued and goes on a first date to find out more. Picking up the cue, Lois blows out the candles, gives the first slice to Perry, and takes over. On the first day Perry handed her a couple of leads, and she chose the easiest one: securing evidence on a team of safe-crackers. She went dressed as a cleaning lady and boldly entered their lair. She then kicked over the waste paper basket, plugged in her vacuum cleaner, and turned it on. This brazen act turned up pure gold when a torn-up note was recovered and when taped back together, implications were deduced, and arrest warrants then issued. Los had her first scoop. By now slices had been made, and plates started to go around.


GYPSY CLARK


Graduating Smallville High and finishing college, Clark went to Metropolis U and earned a degree in journalism. Then6 he bounced around and worked various jobs, driving a cab, trying his hand at logging, even wearing a policeman’s uniform. Eventually though, he landed an interview w/ Perry White, winding up in the profession he liked the best.
Lois Lane
[-1963-]Oops! C-can’t keep my balance!



Her next assignment was to secure the first-ever photograph of a reclusive royal, prone to strongarm tactics in order to secure his privacy. And she comes back w/ the photo. Then Clark and Jimmy Olsen ask for another slice, both at the same time. Lois takes this opportunity to sit down, staring into the cavern created in the cake. Her car had unexpectedly broken down on the third day, and she ended up walking miles out to nowhere in order to interview an archaeologist, claiming a new discovery. She gets her story, and it’s a doozy but, w/ no easy access back, Lois devises the most ingenious methods yet known to newswriters worldwide, enabling her post to reach Perry. It is front page news, and Lois lands her dream job.





Superman №17
Man or Superman?

[1942]   One time Lois and Clark teamed up to track down the Talon, titular head to a gang of thieves. She later returned to her desk, thinking she was going to write up a scoop, only to learn that Clark got there first.


UBER CLARK


Clark became the archetypal nerd, wearing glasses because he really has to. How his physiognomy didn’t give him away as Superman is one for the books. This instance of willful ignorance apparently is impossible. Because mental snapshots.
Lois Lane
[-1938-] “Good! I’m not mentioned!”
Lois Lane
[-1945-] “So they finally caught Lefty Bragg for that bank robbery, eh?”
Lois Lane
[-1959-] “If someone finds those glasses and realizes they were hidden in my secret pouch, he may suspect that I’m Superman! Meanwhile, I’ll have to wear a spare pair of ordinary glasses.”

Exasperated, she then asked and he then gave a reason so lame that it was enough to make her wonder if Clark might be Superman. There have been many versions of this story.

In one telling, they were working at their desks when a commotion on the street below draws their attention: a necklace robbery was in progress. She suddenly got a feeling she knew what Clark would do next, which was to give a flimsy excuse and disappear, then a minute will pass and Superman should (and will) come flying past the window. This quizzical look does not go unnoticed w/ eagle-eyed Clark as he stages a retreat. Changing into his costume he thinks back to the very first time Lois ever did all of her wondering.

It happened one morning when he had flown over to the office, and she had caught a quick glimpse. Lois was rounding a corner and became aware of his landing on the roof of her building. “… and now he’s dropped out of sight! Good gracious! Maybe he works on the Planet staff, under a secret identity!”





Lois Lane №3
Miss Lonelyhearts



LONELY LOIS


Emotions can run high when one is given a 350-word limit to impart lived advice.
Lois Lane
[-1958-] “I... I have my (sob) s-scoop!” “Poor Lois, her curiosity got her a story ... but lost what she wanted most! I wish I could help ... but even Superman can’t mend a broken love ... or a broken heart!”

[-1958-]   Lois once went above and beyond her duties as the advice columnist. She had shown up at the eighth floor landing window of the Belvue Apartments, where a despondent man was threatening to jump. Lois climbs out, telling him she too wants to jump, “Er-(gulp!) Do you think you’re the only person in the world w/ a broken heart?” Promptly looses her footing, goes over the edge. She manages to catch the corner of a election banner hanging below and before it tears off she has swung into position to plummet through a number of window awnings which cushion her fall until a fireman’s net catches her.


COURTLY CLARK


As a reporter he was scrupulous as to the facts, although he kept certain continuances close to heart.
Lois Lane
[-1959-]Well, I didn’t lie to Bates! Everything happened just as I described except for one small detail ...” Clark had a sober disposition to performing his job, so when a new publisher requesed that he go to the public gardens and cover the opening of a bloom, he complied.

This vivid demonstration of falling in love cures the man’s sick heart, so he climbs back in and goes to where Lois is being treated. “You’re wonderful, Miss Lane! The next time I commit suicide, it’s going to be over you!





Lois Lane №29
School for Scoops

[-1961-]   Through pluck and perserverance Lois becomes the number one female reporter in the United States! The University of Metropolis then asks her to give a lecture course.
Hearing this news, racketeer Nick Roker sends two gunmen to the campus. Because. Lois proves a precocious professor, and w/ the help of Jimmy Olsen stages reanactments of actual cases.


LONG-WINDED LOIS


Lois shares her years of work experience when she teaches a class.
Lois Lane
[-1961-] “Welcome, ladies and gentlemen of the press! I’ll begin my lecture after the two students who are still missing up show up! I warn you, though! Be prepared for some unusual teaching methods! I’ve prepared the reenactments of some of my greatest experiences right here on stage!”


Jimmy walks the class through the first scenario: Drugged by a gang she’s been after, Lois gains consciousness to find that she is bound, gagged, inside a tiny basement. Someone behind is about to put a blindfold on her. At this critical moment, Lois locates the basement’s electric meter and memorizes its serial number.


COLUMNIST CLARK


Lois Lane
[-1938-] “Maybe Superman should have a look for … Oh, oh! No time to worry about the mysterious shock now! A heavy fog moved in over the airport and there’s a plane in trouble!”
Lois Lane
[-1952-] “Oh-oh! the FBI has just announced that a man in a costume, who looks like Superman, photographed a secret new type of space ship the other day, then escaped! I’d better change to my secret identity of Suerpman and investigate!!”

This bit of information helps break the case and gets her a scoop. Before dismissing the class, she hands out writing assignments.

The students return the next day and are greeted by a gruesome set piece: Having crossed the line w/ racketeer “Duke” Benson, he entices her over to his office and there ties her up in a chair, placing a bomb under the chair before his exit. Ignoring the lit fuse, she leans forward and nudges the phone off its cradle, picks up a pencil w/ her mouth, and dials 9-1-1. By the time she grades this second assignment Lois has deduced that two are not written by journalism students.

Thinking to instruct her class by treating this as a case study, she outs them only to realize too late they were sent by Roker. Lois’s quick thinking disarms them long enough for Jimmy, using his signal-watch, to summon Superman, who makes a brief cameo at the very end.





Lois Lane №55
Raleigh Review

[-1965 - An Untold Tale ]   One time, Lois took Jimmy Olsen and Superman to her college reunion. There she grew nostalgic and, picking up a school scrapbook, leafed through and found a clipping of her first scoop for the Raleigh Review.


LYCEUM LOIS


Lois auditioning for work on the college newspaper.
Lois Lane
[-1965-]You want me to write a story on ‘How I Made the Fencing Team’? That’s impossible! Raleigh only has a men’s fencing squad.” “That’s tough! Either get the story or you’re through!”

It was an impossible first assignment: to join an all-male only fencing team and write about the experience. The fencing captain, who was a good sport and willing to go along, gives Lois a week to practise before they were to meet in a bout. Through diligence and sheer love-of-writing, she outfences the captain, landing Lois her very first scoop. Then she puts down her punch and begins leafing through a second scrapbook, locating a clipping of her first-hand account of discovering a new comet – by fluke,


COLLEGE CLARK


On his very fist day at Metropolis U, Clark is already the target of bullies, shuffling through sticky situations, and gets into practise making excuses whenever he has to change costumes.
Lois Lane
[-1958-] “You know what, Clark? Superboy’s been seen around campus so much, there’s a rumor he’s a student at Metropolis U! Wouldn’t that be wonderful!” “Yes – just swell.” [ An Untold Tale ]

during a night at the Smallville Observatory, where she was using the telescope to write a paper for astronomy class. The last page of the scrapebook held a tattered clipping of her strangest scoop. Taking a solo field trip for biology class, Lois had stumbled across – and captured on film – a live pterandon and a living sabre-tooth. Her biology teacher is wowed. “Those prehistoric creatures vanished without a trace, Lois! But thanks to the movies you took, we know exactly how they looked and acted!





Adventure Comics №128
First Date

[-1948 - Bonus Tale - An Exclusive Adventure of Superboy ]   While attending high school, Clark was once sent a letter from the Daily Planet:


LOVING LOIS


Clark loses a bet to Lois.
Lois Lane
[-1948-] “How many scoops?” “Two!” “Scooped again!

 Clark Kent, 713 Main Street. congratulations! You are one of the two winners of our annual contest to honor the best school newspaper reporters. Your prize is a free-trip to Metropolis, where you will be allowed to work as cub reporter for one week. 


CURIOUS CLARK


Clark took his studies seriously, and went out of his way to do extra reading. In a later tale that was instructive for young Clark, he had an opportunity to learn how a reporter at the Smallville Herald gets breaking news on Superboy’s exploits, even before he himself is out of costume.
Lois Lane
[-1956-] “Hmm... history records are sometimes incomplete! It’s not known, for instance, if the city of Metropolis was founded in 1702 or 1707!”


Overjoyed and full of bonhomie, Clark shows up and is introduced to Lois Lane, the other winner; he takes an instant shine to her. The editor tries to break his spell by assigning a competition to see who can bring in the best story of the day, whereby the winner will get a front page byline! Lois suggests a side bet to Clark, “The loser treats the winner to an ice cream sundae?” “I never bet … but I’ll make an exception in your case!” After handshakes all around, Lois ventures out and, based on a hunch, stumbles into criminal activity, resulting in being tied up and about to meet her end – Superboy arrives and saves the day. After he has dispatched her attackers, he glides over and unties Lois. On an impulse she jumps into his arms and asks to be carried away from the scene, a request the Boy of Tomorrow was fated to grant. She wins the competition (Clark has been too busy) and, after work, he takes her to a soda fountain and pays his bet. They spend the week chasing stories, then it’s time to wave goodbye to Lois from a train platform, wondering if he’ll ever cross paths w/ her again.


LASCIVIOUS LOIS


LANA LANG, is wantonly shamed by Lois as she shares a wall w/ a poster of Superman which reads "Give to Superman Fresh Air Fund."
Lois Lane
[-1961-] “Hurry up, Green Arrow! It’s our turn to kiss Lois nown” “ What has Lois Lane got that I haven’t got? Not only does she always beat me out w/ Superman, but now she’s got the Justice League members mad about her!”






|  LOIS LANE NOTES

[1]
LANA LANG – In 1950, the first LL to enter Clark's life happened when Prof. Lewis Lang, his wife and daughter Lana first became neighbors w/ the Kents. Lana promptly becomes prey to an ex-convict, and her life in Smallville then becomes threaded into Superboy's. It was while staying w/ the Kents when her parents go on a business trip that she began to suspect that the two boys are one and the same. This causes Superboy to fly over to Africa, helping the Langs round up animals they were contracted to procure and destined for zoos, so they could come home early.
[2]
COMIC BOOK ERAS: Golden Age [-1938-to-1955-]Silver Age [-1956-to-1972-] – Bronze Age [-1973-to-1985-] – Steel Age [-1986-to-2015-] – Diamond Age [-2016-to-2040-]
[3]
BACK COVER AD – In the very first appearance of Lois, Clark and Superman, the back cover was bought by the Johnson Smith & Company in Detroit, Michigan. They were purveyors of, among other things: - pocket radios - midget radios - midget pocket radios - magic radios - crystal radios - radio & television books - experiment sets - wireless transmittals - telegraph sets - electric phones - electric baseballs - world mikes (a microphone) - deluxe microphones - big entertainers (an air mattress) - Stinson Reliant giant flying planes - all-metal model airplanes - wigs (blond only) - yacht caps - live chameleons - x-ray glasses - booklets on hypnotism, learning to dance, learning to tap dance, ventriloquism, and ju-jitsu - whoopee cushions - joy bussers - rings - luminous photos - luminous paints - movie projectors - telescopes - field glasses - world's smallest candid cameras - bull dog fish hooks - and Japanese rose bushes.
[4]
BASED ON reports from, among others, Tricia Annis, Tim Hanley, Steven Thompson, and the internet.

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